Revelation 13 – The Beasts

Read Revelation 13

Multiple times in this chapter John writes, “this calls for wisdom.”  I believe it is important that we heed this call, not jumping to conclusions about things too quickly.  Much of what John sees here once again draws on images from the visions of Daniel chapter 7.

The first beast the John sees, which comes out of the sea, is the beast that we first met in chapter 11.  We have already talked about this beast as the “antichrist” figurehead in Revelation; a personal antichrist meaning a demonically empowered human.  Yet there have been other interpretations about this beast as well.  Some believe that this beast represents the Roman Empire which would have been easy to see at the time of John’s writing with the amount of persecution and hatred towards Christ and the Church at that time.  Still, others look at this beast and see a sort of “anti-Christian” political power that has arisen and/or will arise.  Rome would have been just one of a number of political powers that have arisen and will rise up to persecute the church in the “last days.”

If you read Daniel 7, and I highly suggest that you do, you’ll see some of these same images.  The ten horns with their crowns represent the comprehensive nature of the beast’s sphere of authority and power.  Each of these ten heads has a blasphemous name on it as well.  Especially during the Roman empire as well as in most of the empires prior, the rulers assumed titles of deity and were often worshiped as such.  Though this doesn’t happen by title today, at least not often, I wonder if we act as though the government, or particular leaders within it, is our “savior” and how we act and participate around such things is something akin to “worship.”  If this were the case, we might actually be looking at a sort of antichrist in our midst even now.

That the beast comes up out of the sea is an important point that could often be overlooked.  In Hebrew culture, the sea was feared as being chaotic and primal.  Genesis 1 talks about the Spirit of God hovering over the waters prior to creation.  Indeed, on day 2, God has to separate the waters before He can continue in the creative process.  On the sea, one was vulnerable to storms, waves, wind, and any number of sea creatures that dwelled within it.  The first beast comes out of the sea, out of the chaos indicating that it has some level of divine power, perhaps even creative power.  Nothing, however, that the beast can do is out of the realm of God’s control.

Others have seen the sea as being representative of humanity.  Human life is chaotic as well and, amid the vast sea of humanity, with all of its war and disasters, politics and oppression, apathy and idolatry, the beast could arise to offer some semblance of hope or direction for the human race.  Once again, though, it is important to understand that any power that this beast has, like that of the dragon or the other beast, is all granted by God, and is just as easily taken away as we will see.  In fact, Scripture reminds us multiple times in this chapter that the power and authority of the beast “was given” and therefore lies within the scope of God’s ultimate authority, power, and control.

John sees a second beast that comes out of the earth.  This beast has often been classified as the “false prophet” of the first beast.  For many, it represents a religious component to the secular/political control and conquest of the first beast.  We see that there is worship involved in a story similar to that of Daniel 3.  There is also a level of divine power that is exhibited through the second beast, calling down fire from heaven and doing other signs that would seemingly link him/her to the prophets of Scripture.  Once again, however, this beast’s power is limited, which was undoubtedly a comfort for Christians in that time who were facing death for not participating in Roman worship.  It can and is a comfort now as well, to those who face the prospect of death in places like the middle east.  No matter how hard the enemy tries, even death itself cannot separate us from God because we are in Christ.

Finally, we come to something that is quite familiar, even to those who are not necessarily familiar with the rest of the Bible: the mark of the beast.  There have been numerous attempts to decode what these numbers mean.  Many people believed that this was code for the name of the Roman emperor at that time, Nero.  Variations of that number show up in official Roman documents and seals from Cesar at that time.  Others have pointed to other possible meanings found in people throughout history.  Nero in particular, was a great persecutor of Christians, starting and sustaining one of the worst and most violent times of persecution against that Church that ever existed.

Another interpretation of this points to an “unholy trinity” that we have just witnessed.  The dragon and the two beasts represent the sum total of the divine (or divinely empowered) opposition to God.  Whereas the number that represents God is 7; we have seen it multiple times throughout Scripture and especially in the book of Revelation (lampstands, stars, trumpet judgments, seal judgments, bowl judgments, spirits of God, days of creation, etc.).  The number 6 then would be the number of imperfection.  God’s number would be 777, a holy number of completion and fullness.  Satan’s number, 666, is a number that represents evil and imperfection as each number falls short of the perfect number seven.

John reminds us again here that this calls for wisdom and indeed it does.  Christians have spent an enormous amount of time and energy trying to figure out what the “mark of the beast” could possibly be in the modern world.  With the advent of implanted chip technology, something that may replace credit cards and be responsible for all identification and commercial transaction someday, Christians have been given new fodder for thoughts about the “mark” as well as who the “beast” is.

I can’t honestly say that I know whether or not these chips if mandated someday, would be a modern realization of the “mark of the beast.”  I don’t wish to speculate on that either as I said in the introduction of this book.  One of the main points that is being made at this point in Revelation is the contrast between those who put their faith in Jesus Christ and those who put their faith in worldly things.  Such things could easily be technology, government, economy, or specific leaders; all could qualify as a type of antichrist, asking and possibly even demanding that people place their hope in it rather than in Jesus.  Steve Jobs, the CEO and major designer behind the many Apple products that we know today, didn’t simply work to create a good phone, he worked to create an image, a brand, and even a lifestyle that would be identified by a single symbol that a vast majority of people in the world can easily recognize.

For instance: Steve Jobs, the CEO and major designer behind the many Apple products that we know today, didn’t simply work to create a good phone, he worked to create an image, a brand, and even a lifestyle that would be identified by a single symbol that a vast majority of people in the world can easily recognize.  In fact, the Apple symbol has defined a certain segment of people.  Neuroscientists say that thoughts of Apple products for some of its most loyal fans actually lights up the same portion of the brain as that of religion for those who are devoutly religious…  interesting right?  It is an interesting coincidence that Apple Pay (and its competitors like google) is becoming one of the leading ways to pay for things and do all forms of commerce.  I’m not saying that Apple Inc. is the beast and its

I’m not saying that Apple is the mark of the beast or that Steve Jobs is the antichrist (though there are some that believe that).  But I do think that it should cause us to pause for a moment and think about the priorities that we have in life.  Is the latest and greatest Apple product (or other technology) more important than our relationship with Christ?  Are there other things in life that we prioritize and emphasize over and above our faith?  Those things, no matter what they are, will always lead us to an incomplete, unfulfilled life that falls short of all that God calls us to.



Revelation 12 – The Woman and the Dragon

Read Revelation 12

As the vision continues to unfold before John, He sees a “great sign” that appears.  When Scripture says this, it is an indicator of something that is pointing to a much deeper meaning.  The woman that John sees has consistently been identified as representing the people of Israel with the twelve stars around her head being one of the chief indicators of that.  Her pregnancy most likely represents the time in which God was working through Israel to bring about the coming of the Messiah, her male child.

The next thing John sees, which is equally as spectacular, is a seven headed dragon which he identifies as Satan, the devil himself.  Whereas the beast of chapter 11 represents the antichrist, the major opponent to God’s people, the dragon much greater and scarier in appearance.  Seven is, as we have said before, the number of the divine, and ten the number of completion and strength.  The dragon comes forth with divine strength and the power to rule as is signified by the crowns.

Satan has always been opposed to the plans of God, attempting to thwart God’s redemptive work at every possible change.  Here we see him seeking to destroy the male child, the Messiah, right as he is born.  However, God protects Him, taking Him into heaven, an act which infuriates the devil.  At the same time, the woman also finds divine protection from the dragon for a period of time which is the same as that of the oppression and persecution mentioned in chapter 11.  Whether or not these are the same times or things that happen sequentially is not necessarily specified.  It is important to keep in mind, as we look at the symbolism of this, that John is experiencing a vision of God’s work on a cosmic scale.  Whereas we tend to think in a linear fashion, as is our way in this life, God stands outside of time and therefore what John is seeing does not necessarily indicate a timeline of events.  This, in particular, is why those who look at the founding of the modern day nation of Israel as being a focal point for end-times interpretation have little credibility (that and the fact that Jesus Himself said that no one knows when He will return except for God).

After this, a war breaks out in heaven.  This is a rather peculiar happening as we often view Satan as not being in heaven.  John’s vision here draws on a great deal of Old Testament understanding of the spiritual realm as well as New Testament language of Satan as “the accuser.”  Heaven, for us, has often been considered to be the place that we go to when we die.  However, Scripturally speaking, heaven is the dwelling place of God.  In heaven are the angels, all that is described throughout the book of Revelation, and, if you read the book of Job, Satan is sometimes there as well, accusing the people of God before God.  I can’t necessarily explain this (nor would I dare try), but what it does do is give us a picture of a much more active place than just cherubs playing harps on clouds.

Whatever the explanation, there is a point at which Satan is permanently expelled from heaven, thrown down by the Archangel Michael, in what was (or is) probably one of the most epic fights of all time.

Satan’s expulsion from heaven, though, seems to bring a much greater anger that is then taken out first on Israel, though God protects here, and then on the rest of God’s people.  How and what this looks like as it unfolds in history is rather unclear.  It begins to unfold over the next couple of chapters as being a systematic persecution of the church and deceiving of the nations of the earth both through physical and spiritual means.  The devil will seek to draw as many away from God as possible and will “wage war” on the people of God through the work of the beast of chapter 11 and those in the coming chapter as well.

Once again we can find ourselves looking for dates and events that coincide loosely with what we are reading here.  Certainly, Israel has been a persecuted nation throughout history as has the church from time to time.  Different religions have and continue to rise up to challenge the people of God and lead the people of the world astray.  Persecution continues to this day in many parts of the world as it has for the past 2000 years against the people of God.  What is important to read out of this too, however, is the announcement once again that salvation and power and the kingdom of God have come to and through the Messiah.  Scripture is clear that the people of God will face persecution; it is equally clear that none of that can hold a candle to the strength and power of God and the hope that we have for eternal salvation in Jesus Christ



Day 364: Revelation 17-19; The Fall of Babylon and the Marriage Supper

In many ways, today’s reading has a lot to do about sex.  At first glance this seems rather odd to us as we have been talking about the end times and all that is to come, and suddenly we are talking about a prostitute and a great beast and all the sexual immorality of the earth.  But, if we think back over the course of our reading of Scripture again we will remember that God and the prophets often refer to Israel’s idolatry as a form of spiritual prostitution, and God often relates their running after God to the same idea as adultery.  The vision we get of Israel is of a young woman that the Lord saved from her misery, pulled her out of the proverbial mud, cleaned her up and adorned her with white robes as a bride.  However, this bride was unfaithful to Him, going off and prostituting herself to other gods.  At times the prophets said that she would welcome in anyone that she encountered on the street corner.  This is how bad things had gotten in Israel, yet even in that God still welcomed her back.

We get a lot of this same vision today, however we see it on a much grander scale applying to the people of the world.  They have gone off and prostituted themselves to the beast, to the antichrist and opened themselves to him.  The reason that sexual imagery is used here, I think, is to communicate the depth of personal giving that is taking place in the hearts of those who follow the antichrist.  Not only do they sin by not listening to  God and not living in the way that He would have them live, they have given their whole selves up to the antichrist in the way that God so desires them to turn to Him.  It is this depth of knowing, this depth of giving that conjures up images of marriage and sex, the deepest self giving that we know as humans.  It is important to note here too that, as detestable as this sounds, even John marveled at the beast and the prostitute which I think goes to show how incredibly enticing this will be.  While I don’t know about what this is or could be actually pointing to, but I know that there is a sinful lifestyle out there that, though we may condemn, we also often stop to take a second look.  We too must be careful because the beast is out there seeking whom he may devour.

So from here we see an angel that is calling out and declaring the fall of Babylon.  Now, in Hebrew literature, Babylon is the symbol of all evil, idolatry, and eternally the enemy of God.  This started being true in the Exile, when the Babylonian army destroy the Temple in Jerusalem.  From then on, they were labeled as the enemies of God.  Some have taken these references to Babylon to mean that, in the last days, the antichrist will actually seek to rebuild the city of Babylon and will rule from there.  I don’t necessarily agree with this notion, though I don’t see it as being out of the realm of possibility either.  Remember that this whole time we have been talking about the fact that these Scriptures do not necessarily denote a series of events, but rather a broad brush stroke of what is to take place before all things come to their already given conclusion.  Babylon, like the beasts and much of the other vivid imagery may just be an image, a grouping of the enemies of God.  In this instance, the angel is communicating to us that the enemies of God have fallen, no longer to rise.  This could mean spiritually there is no turning back for them, or it could mean that in this instance they are truly defeated.  In any case, what we see is that “Babylon,” despite all of her good looks, fine clothing and jewelry, and all that she offers to entice the people of the earth, at some point this will come to an end, that she will not do business anymore, and that the true lie of all she does will be exposed.

For this, all those in heaven rejoice!  Not simply because the truth of Babylon has been exposed to the whole world, but because God has judged her accordingly and she is indeed fallen.  Later we see Jesus coming on a white horse and throwing down Satan, the beast, and capturing him.  All of heaven rejoices at this happening!

Finally today, we get a chance to talk about the marriage supper of the Lamb.  This is an image of a great feast that will take place in heaven with all believers, those whose names are written in the book of life.  Jesus invites everyone to His table, all those who believe in His name are welcome there.  When we celebrate communion together as a church, not only “do this in remembrance” of Jesus’ last supper, but we do it in anticipation of this event that will take place in the future as well!  There will be a time when Satan is defeated and sin is no more and all those who believe in the name of Jesus and have been saved by grace, through faith in Him, will sit down at His table and feast with Him!  What an exciting prospect to be a part of this some day!  This is what we look forward to at the end of time, being in the presence of our Savior and Lord, sitting and eating at His table, being free from sin, death and persecution forever and ever, amen!

(I would like to mention, that the articles that I am referencing as “related” are those that have been suggested by wordpress and do not necessarily support of coincide with the beliefs that I hold or write about.  I neither cast my unknowing support to them nor do I say that they are wrong, simply conversational partners in this journey through the Scriptures.)



Day 363: Revelation 13-16; The Beasts, The Mark, and the Bowls of Wrath

Today we get the dubious pleasure of meeting more beasts and seemingly crazy images that John is being shown in this vision.  Right off the bat we meet two beasts.  The first one is a beast the arises out of the Sea and has many of the same features as the dragon from yesterdays reading.  In fact, the dragon gives in the power that it has and “his throne” on earth.  There have been many interpretations about what this image means.  Some have interpreted it as a symbol of the Roman empire and its rule in the world.  At this time the Roman empire was heavily persecuting Christians throughout the known world, times were rough and the empire itself probably seemed like a beast of sorts, trying to stamp out the Christian movement while it was still in its infancy.

Other’s have seen this beast as the antichrist, a false messiah that will show up in the world speaking great words and drawing many to himself as he has great authority on the earth.  This has been interpreted to signify a particular human or perhaps a government and perhaps even a corporate institution that will both wield authority and also set itself up as a sort of “savior” of the world.  Like we have held all along though, this Scripture is not meant to point out any one specific thing as being exactly what John is seeing here, but rather to serve as a warning, like Jesus’ words in Matthew 24, that there would be those that would come that would try to draw people, especially believers away from God.

We also meet the second beast today, one that rises out of the land.  Where these beasts come from are rather significant in the Hebrew worldview.  Remember that water symbolizes death and chaos, from the time before creation was created.  It was out of the swirling waters of nothingness that God created everything and it is out of this same chaos that the first beast comes from.  However the second beast is one that arises from creation itself, from the land that has been long plagued with sin.  Perhaps this represents a different nature to this second beast.  It is clearly seen that this second beast has a direct impact on the relationships of people as well as commerce and even the ability to live and make a living.

Together these three, the dragon, the beast from the sea, and the beast from the earth have been called the “unholy trinity.”  This is a direct opposition to the Triune nature of God, and these three directly oppose God.  In some ways this makes sense in that the dragon is seen attacking the woman, trying to thwart the overall plan of God, the beast from the Sea comes from the same place that we see John talk about Jesus, the Divine Word made Flesh, coming from in the very beginning.  The second beast then would be in contrast to the Holy Spirit, working within the hearts of humanity, working against their relationships with each other and with God.  While this is an interpretation, the number that is given for this seems to coincide with this a bit.  John gives the number 666 as the mark of the beast, but also says that understanding this number calls for wisdom.  It could mean a lot of things, but the significance of the three numbers that are all one less than seven, a number representing the divine, does seem to suggest something.  The three numbers often represent God, the three persons of God, and the number seven represents wholeness or completeness.  It would stand to reason then, that God’s number could easily be 777.  With that being said, the number 666 represents imperfection, only an attempt to be divine, to have any sort of power.  It is only with the One True God that the fullness and completeness of Divine power, love, and grace and be seen.

Finally today I want to draw our attention once again to the working of God’s wrath in Revelation 16.  These are very powerful images that come to us, visions of God’s wrath being poured out on the earth from bowls.  In some ways it is very difficult to even read about and these images bring to our minds questions about how the God of Love could do such things.  Once again I think it is important to remember that God’s love is actually the source of God’s wrath.  When sin entered the world, all of creation was corrupted and set on a path of sin.  From that time on, oppression and injustice were present.  We see this throughout history and especially when it comes against the people of God, the wrath of the Lord is kindled.  This isn’t judgment out of anger, it is the deep deep passion of God’s love for His creation that has been aroused to righteous anger.  The Lord is indignant because all He has created which He loves so much is being torn apart by sin.  As we read about these bowl judgments we see that it is said time and again that people would not turn to God, that instead of repenting they would curse God and not worship Him.  Ultimately this is the goal of God’s wrath and judgment upon creation; it was when He was judging Israel, it is now, and it will be when these come to pass in whatever form they come in.  God is trying desperately to get the attention of those who refuse to follow Him and in so doing He is also punishing the sin that has plagued all of creation.

Unfortunately, these are not things that we often here anymore.  We talk a length about the love of God and the compassion that He and stuff.  These are all well and good… however it leaves a lot of questions to be answered when we read of God’s judgment on creation.  The fact of the matter is that God is a God of love, but He is also a God of justice and we have to hold both of these things in His hand.  We like to think that everybody is just going to be happy in the end, but as that end approaches there will be those that won’t be happy about it, those that have chosen to reject God and oppose Him.  While there will be ample time for them to repent, with lots and lots of warnings as we clearly see here, there will be a time when the end will come and the choice to oppose God and refuse Him will be final.  Again this is unfortunate; my heart aches even as I write this, but it is the reality that we are presented with in Scripture… no matter how much we don’t want to hear it.  Jesus Christ offers us the hope of salvation by grace alone through our faith in Him.  All we need to do is accept Him as our Lord and Savior and believe in His Name.  We never know how much time is actually left which means that we need to be sharing the Gospel of Grace with everyone all the time!

(I would like to mention, that the articles that I am referencing as “related” are those that have been suggested by wordpress and do not necessarily support of coincide with the beliefs that I hold or write about.  I neither cast my unknowing support to them nor do I say that they are wrong, simply conversational partners in this journey through the Scriptures.)