1 Timothy 2 – Worship Instructions

Read 1 Timothy 2

I do not typically do a lot of research when it comes to these blog posts.  My goal and hope for these posts when I started them was that they would be more personal reflections out of some of my education and life experiences.  Today, however, I’ve done my homework.

First of all, Paul is addressing the worship of the church, particularly in Ephesus.  Some of this we have talked about elsewhere, especially in the book of Ephesians.  It is interesting to note, I think, that when addressing matters of worship, Paul never once addresses the issue of music.  Music is a stylistic preference that the church has far too often equated with whether worship is “good” or “bad.”

Paul’s concern in worship, as always, is where the heart of the people is as they gather together to worship God.  Here this motivation is found expressly through Paul’s encouragement toward unified prayer, not just for themselves, but for the world around them as well.

In doing so, Paul also encourages Timothy and the church in Ephesus to avoid distractions and put off and selfish ambition.  This is the driving force behind both the plea for unity, “lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing,” as well as Paul’s comments on modesty and appropriate dress.  Those who dressed in fancy clothes, jewelry, and hairstyles did so to show off their elaborate wealth, not as a way of honoring God.

All of this falls in line with what Paul has already written to the church in Ephesus, as does his comments about women being in leadership.  Remember that, in Ephesians 5, Paul talks about the roles of men and women under the distinct phrase: “submit to one another out of reverence to Christ.”  That is still true here.

The specific context here, 2000 years ago, is somewhat of a mystery.  Where the women of this community particularly dominating in nature, causing trouble with the men?  We do know that, because of the cultic worship of pagan gods that went on in the city, Paul desired that the Christians be set apart.  This pagan worship involved showy signs of spiritual indwelling as well as temple prostitution, most of which happened by women, and which Paul obviously wanted to avoid.  We find this to also be true in the context of the church in Corinth as well.

Whatever the specific issues that led to Paul’s words here, we also cannot read them in a vacuum without looking to the rest of Scripture for God’s will in this subject.  One of the fundamental themes of God’s work in Jesus Christ is breaking down barriers in relationships both with each other and with him.  Through the reconciliation that Jesus Christ ushered in, divisions were also broken down.  Paul himself writes that there is no longer “Jews nor Greek, Slave nor Free, Male nor Female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.”  In addition, the prophets attest to a time when God’s Spirit will be poured out on all flesh (not just on men).  Women have been clearly gifted by God for the tasks of leadership and service in the Chuch and in the world and we must honor that gifting and God’s call on their lives by equipping and empowering all women and men to their fullest God-given potential.



Day 48: Numbers 27-30; Succession, Offerings, and Vows

Today’s reading takes us out of the stories and narratives, and back into the laws that God gave to Israel.  While it seemed like these were all taken care of, Israel has been out and about for a while and perhaps missed a few things.  This isn’t to say that God forgot something, but more likely that the people didn’t know what to do.  Sometimes its easier to simply have everything laid out for you, even though something from Leviticus like “Love your neighbor as yourself” would seem to apply here in how we care for those left behind after the death of a Father.

This first law… what I would consider in the contemporary setting as “the Downton Abbey clause,” sets out the rules for succession of inheritance within a family.  Its a shame (or a blessing perhaps) that PBS didn’t know this rule from Numbers, lest the whole of the Downton Abbey show be lost to Old Testament Law.  The tradition of the land, and really of most cultures until the past 100 years, was that only the male population could… well, really do anything.  Women didn’t have money and traditionally couldn’t inherit anything from a deceased father.  In other cultures, this meant that if there was no male heir, the money would be passed off to some other male relative and the women of that family would either be cared for by the relative (if they had nice in-laws) or be forced to sell themselves as slaves or prostitute themselves or some other less desirable form of livelihood.  God’s people were to be set apart, and therefore God would not stand for His people to be selling themselves or selling each other.  Therefore, the law was decreed that the money would go to the daughters, or female relatives, or closest next of kin.  This does seem like a common sense rule doesn’t it?  I mean, its like making decisions for other people we think, “what should we do?  We cannot go against tradition.”  But when it happens to us we think “this stupid tradition doesn’t work for us.”  Any way you cut it, I think this is simply a practical living out of the law “love your neighbor (or family) as yourself.”

We see in this section too the anointing of Joshua to be the next leader of the people of Israel.  As God told Moses, he would not be entering the promised land due to his disobedience in striking the rock rather than speaking to it.  Yet God again is faithful in providing the people with a leader.  He does not leave them, as Moses said, like sheep without a shepherd.  This is, to my knowledge, the first time a shepherd metaphor shows up in the Bible.  It appears later again in many places, most notably being Psalm 23, and then later as Jesus picks up this metaphor again stating that He is the good shepherd.  Really, Moses is a foreshadowing of the type of Messianic figure to come, a savior for a nation in bondage.  Yet even he is imperfect, and eventually faces human mortality.  However, when the people of Israel think about how God is going to fulfill His promise to save Israel, Leaders like Moses and many to come are types of the coming Messiah, foreshadowing of the coming King whom we know as Jesus our Lord.