Day 154: Psalms 1-7; The Psalms!

Well we have come to the end of Job and are now venturing into another book of the wisdom literature, the PSALMS!  This is one of my favorite books of the Bible!  Psalms is such a widely diverse book with songs and prayers that span the entirety of human experience.  The book of Psalms is, in many ways, a manual for many things.  Contained in it are a plethora of prayers for an even greater plethora of situations spanning from joy and thankfulness to despair and mourning.  Also in the Psalms is an abundance of music and songs, much of which had been put to music then and has again been put to music in our contemporary setting as well.  We find in it the words to sing or speak in worship that help us to express the whole range of our feelings from rejoicing to lament, and everything in between.

Each of the individual Psalms in this book has a unique purpose and a unique situation that it is being written for.  The English Standard Version Bible does a good job of giving each Psalm a label or title, something that certainly does not appear in the original Hebrew text.  I think that this is very helpful though, for giving a general direction of where the Psalm is going and what it is about.  Especially for those that are looking for a Psalm to use in worship or, and this is my personal favorite, to find Scripture that puts into words our deepest thoughts and feelings better than we can.  N.T. Wright, a contemporary Theologian and author of many books, said in an address to the Calvin Worship Symposium two years ago, that he reads 5 Psalms a day in a continuously rotating cycle.  It is a book of prayer and worship, he said, and studying it helps to given me the words that I can use to better worship God and lift up prayers to him.  That is a paraphrase of course.  He said it much more eloquently.  In any case, the book of Psalms is simply a wonderful book to read over and over again!  It never gets old and it is amazing how different Psalms touch us at different times!

The risk, for me, in writing about the Psalms is that I would want to say a lot about each one of them.  Each Psalm could probably support multiple sermons at once.  I think though, that I would try to limit what I say about each Psalm to the type of the Psalm and some general observations every now and then.  There are many different types of Psalms.  As I said, they serve different functions and were written each in its own situation.  My hope is that each day, for each Psalm, we can identify what type of Psalm we are reading and perhaps some of the purpose behind them.

Psalm 1 Illustration by Lauren Gallegos Photo Credit:

Psalm 1 Illustration by Lauren Gallegos
Photo Credit:

PSALM 1 is a wisdom Psalm that is also Didactic in nature.  The shows us the path of righteousness through the avoidance of that of the wicked.  If you listen closely to this Psalm, you’ll hear the echos of the call of the Shema in Deuteronomy 6!

PSALM 2 is what is called a “Royal Psalm.”  This Psalm talks a great deal about the reign of the one that the Lord has anointed.  There are several phrases that are used in this Psalm that are directly Christological in nature which makes it a prophetic and Messianic Psalm as well..  One phrase in particular: “The Lord said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you,” shows up in Acts 13, Hebrews 1 & Hebrews 5 as well.

PSALM 3 is a Psalm of Lament written by David when he was fleeing from his son Absalom.  These Psalms are often prayers for deliverance from evil as well.

PSALM 4 is also a Psalm of Lament written by David.  While this particular Psalm doesn’t have a specific situation that comes with it, we know many times in the story of David’s life when this Psalm would be applicable.

PSALM 5 is yet another Psalm of Lament that is written by David.  However, this Psalm throws in a different twist in that it is also an Imprecatory Psalm.  We can see here, in a rather subtle way, that David seems to be reminding God of what He is supposed to do to the wicked.  This is more pronounced in other Psalms.  If you read closely, you will also notice that this Psalm is also didactic in nature.

PSALM 6 is another combination of a lament and imprecatory Psalm.  Here, however, we can see David’s request for justice on the wicked in a much more direct way.  This Psalm is also Penitential Psalm, confessing sin and asking the Lord for forgiveness.  It is the first of many that uses this confession / assurance of pardon language that we often find familiar in our worship liturgy.

PSALM 7 is an interesting mix of lament, imprecatory, and didactic.  It is sometimes thought of as a Psalm for the falsely accused.

4 Responses to “Day 154: Psalms 1-7; The Psalms!”

  1. […] ← Day 154: Psalms 1-7; The Psalms! June 4, 2013 · 6:00 AM ↓ Jump to Comments […]

  2. […] time and also from his son Absalom, an event which brought about Psalm 3 which we talked about on June 2.  Even after Saul died, David still had to contend with those that were loyal to Saul for the […]

  3. […] Psalm 5:4-6 – For you are not a God who is pleased with wickedness; with you, evil people are not welcome.  The arrogant cannot stand in your presence.  You hate all who do wrong; you destroy those who tell lies.  The bloodthirsty and deceitful you, Lord, detest. […]

  4. […] Psalm 5:4-6 – For you are not a God who is pleased with wickedness; with you, evil people are not welcome.  The arrogant cannot stand in your presence.  You hate all who do wrong; you destroy those who tell lies.  The bloodthirsty and deceitful you, Lord, detest. […]

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