The Seventh Commandment: H.C. Question 108

What does the seventh commandment teach us?
Leviticus 18:30 – Keep my requirements and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. I am the Lord your God.’”
Ephesians 5:3-5 – But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of
greed, because these are improper for God’s holy people. Nor should there be obscenity, foolish talk or coarse joking, which are out of place, but rather thanksgiving. For of this you can be sure: No immoral, impure or greedy person—such a person is an idolater—has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
Jude 22-23 – Be merciful to those who doubt; save others by snatching them from the fire; to others show mercy, mixed with fear—hating even the clothing stained by corrupted flesh.

1 Corinthians 7:1-9 – Now for the matters you wrote about: “It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.” But since sexual immorality is occurring, each man should have sexual relations with his own wife, and each woman with her own husband. The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband. In the same way, the husband does not have authority over his own body but yields it to his wife. Do not deprive each other except perhaps by mutual consent and for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control. I say this as a concession, not as a command. I wish that all of you were as I am. But each of you has your own gift from God; one has this gift, another has that.

Now to the unmarried and the widows I say: It is good for them to stay unmarried, as I do. But if they cannot control themselves, they should marry, for it is better to marry than to burn with passion.
1 Thessalonians 4:3-8 – It is God’s will that you should be sanctified: that you should avoid sexual immorality; that each of you should learn to control your own body in a way that is holy and honorable, not in passionate lust like the pagans, who do not know God; and that in this matter no one should wrong or take advantage of a brother or sister. The Lord will punish all those who commit such sins, as we told you and warned you before. For God did not call us to be
impure, but to live a holy life. Therefore, anyone who rejects this instruction does not reject a human being but God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit.

Hebrews 13:4 – Marriage should be honored by all, and the marriage bed kept pure, for God will judge the adulterer and all the sexually immoral.

Introduction to 1 Corinthians

As we have discussed before in Acts 18, Corinth was one of the major cities in the Roman Empire and the major city both economically and politically in the nation of Greece.  Corinth was also a major religious center, home to the temple of Apollo and the temple of Aphrodite and thus was home to considerable pagan worship.  Specifically, in the temple of Aphrodite, it is said that at times over 1,000 priestesses (who were also prostitutes) served which also made Corinth a center for horrific immorality.

This pagan culture and lack of a moral center took its toll on the church in Corinth as well, leading to a number of moral issues that Paul had to address here in this correspondence.  This is one of possibly four total writings that Paul would have sent to the church in Corinth, two (possibly three) of which we have recorded in the Bible as we know it today.

Apart from issues of immorality that were plaguing the church in Corinth, Paul also addresses a considerable amount of other issues.  The congregation there was likely made up of mostly lower class individuals.  However, with some, more wealthy individuals, issues of socio-economic disparity arose and needed to be addressed.

It also seems that there was some disagreement surrounding the nature of the resurrection of the dead, which was, in part, related to the other issues, but also stands on its own.

While Paul’s writing here does take on rather specific issues regarding a particular congregation, his words can really find new meaning in our culture today as well.  We too live in a culture full of rampant immorality, socio-economic disparity, and in a time when the Church itself is dealing with so many disagreements about theological issues.  Paul’s words here, inspired by God, are incredibly needed.