Day 201: Isaiah 14-16; Oracles Against The Nations (Part 1)

If we look back at the first graph in the introduction to Isaiah, we come to the section in the book called “God vs. The Nations.”  This is a section in which God is speaking through Isaiah the judgments that will be carried out on all of the other nations around and including Israel.  Today we cover Assyria, Philistia, and Moab, three of the nations surrounding Israel that they had the most contact and conflict with.  Philistia especially, located to the southwest of Israel, continually brought war and strife to the nation of God; the struggle against them was never brought to an end.  One might be bold enough to say that the war is still going on today between Israel and the Palestinians, who live in the same area as the Philistines did in the time of Biblical Israel… though this would be a bold and rather not provable statement I think.

In any case, the next three days we will be reading through these Oracles that contain within them and majority of judgmental messages spoken against these nations.  That being said though, even in here we can find glimpses of hope and restoration that give the dark future a glimmer of light.

One might be tempted to think that it isn’t fair of God to judge the nations that He hasn’t revealed Himself to directly.  They clearly didn’t know the law and didn’t know what was considered sin and what would have been good behavior for them.  In many ways, these people could have been considered innocent by plea of ignorance to the law.  Yet that is not so in God’s eyes.  In fact, to God they stand as guilty as the sinful Israelites did, and were to face the same judgment as them too.

One might also be tempted to say that these other nations were just victims of unfortunate circumstances.  God raised up nations to judge His sinful, disobedient people and they happened to be collateral damage.  Isaiah seems to be saying that this is not so; their destruction and judgment was  also intentional.  This alone indicates to us that they too are under the same Law and judgment of God, even if they didn’t know it, which actually makes sense when you give it some thought.

If God chose Abraham and built Him into a great nation so that through His children all the people of the world would be blessed, then it is clear that God’s plans for the world do indeed go far beyond the boarders of His people.  That too would mean that God has been working for them as much as He has for the people of Israel themselves, and that they fall under the same blessing / curse formula that was laid out in the Covenant at Sinai.  Ultimately one of Israel’s main purposes was to be a light to these nations.  They were to be the ones that would reveal God and God’s will to the nations around them.  This was the way in which God’s love, holiness, and justice was to be communicated.  Clearly, Israel failed at this, but that doesn’t mean that the nations were any less responsible.  God did communicate Himself to them in many ways and we saw the nations of the world coming to Israel in several different circumstances, seeking the will of God through the prophets.

In the end, however, none could live up to the way of life God called them to.  No one was able to live the righteous life that God had commanded and all fell into sin.  Yet even here, found within the words of Judgment against these three nations can be found a word of hope for them as well.  God is not done with any of these nations, or any of the nations of the world.  Indeed God is still at work.  These judgments will come to pass for them for sin needs to be punished, but forgiveness also comes.  Isaiah writes in chapter 16 verse 5:

…then a throne will be established in steadfast love,
    and on it will sit in faithfulness
    in the tent of David
one who judges and seeks justice
    and is swift to do righteousness.

This is a prophecy of the coming Messiah, right in the middle of the judgment that will be coming on the nation of Moab.  Though judgment comes, so too will love, faithfulness, justice and righteousness… the true way of God.  Many times in Scripture, God is portrayed as a gardener amongst the nations.  He tends to his garden, carefully guiding and watering the plants that they may grow.  Sometimes though, a plant needs to be pruned back, for it has grown to big and reached too far.  Sometimes plants need to be pruned all the way down to the stump.  Always though, pruning happens for the good of the plant.  The loving gardener holds no malice for the plant he is pruning, but instead understands that doing this will ultimately lead to a stronger, healthier plant that will bear even more fruit than it already has.

This is the picture that is set before us for the nations as well.  God’s wrath against sin is clear, His judgment on it is righteous, and His purpose ultimately is to bring restoration to the people and all of creation that He has made and sustains.

Day 200: Isaiah 10-13; Judgment of the Judgers

Again we come to the book of Isaiah reading familiar verses within the greater context of verses probably less familiar.  Isaiah 11, especially the first section, is a text likely familiar to a church goer as it too is one of the more famous prophecies of the coming of the Messiah to the people of Israel.  It too, however, is found within the greater context of Isaiah’s message of Israel and Judah about the coming judgment that will befall them, one that they cannot and will not escape.  Yet amid the questions that were likely raised, which I mentioned yesterday, once again God is showing His grace and His commitment to His covenant people.  Though it seems a funny way of doing it, God’s ways are clearly higher than any human understanding and, like a the loving Father that He is, God understands better than any human father the need to teach His people rather than allowing them to continue in their sinful ways.

Interestingly though, the instrument of judgment, in this case Assyria, is no less sinful than the people that they are judging.  This is a clear message from Isaiah as well.  Keep in mind that Isaiah is saying all of this before it has actually happened yet.  While I’m sure there were rumors of the growing Assyrian power, this is actually being written at a time when Israel and Assyria are join in force against Judah.  Isaiah is prophesying about the future, when sinful Israel will be wiped off the map after which Assyria will come as far as the gates of Jerusalem before being turned away.  This is recorded in 2 Kings 18-19 and 2 Chronicles 32 and takes place during the reign of King Hezekiah.

Looking at today’s text more carefully, I think that we see something else that would bring comfort to the people of God apart from the promise of a Messiah.  If I had to guess, I think it is an answer to another question that was posed yesterday about God’s commitment to the people He has chosen.  I mentioned that, if God was using other nations against His own people, wouldn’t they have wondered if perhaps He had abandoned them?  That question is answered, in a way, by the way God acts towards them as well.  Assyria, and even Babylon later, are under the same judgment, punished by God for their sin and arrogance.  One of my favorite lines of these chapters is:

Shall the axe boast over him who hews with it,
    or the saw magnify itself against him who wields it?
As if a rod should wield him who lifts it,
    or as if a staff should lift him who is not wood!

Its a rhetorical statement really because the answer is obvious.  Yet it is clear that these nations and their leaders have come to that point of declaring themselves better than the God who empowered them in the first place.  This makes me wonder about a lot of things in a more contemporary context.  Do we as a nation fit this category?  So many people call America a “Christian Nation” that has been blessed by God with extraordinary prosperity, power, and prominence in the world.  Yet lately, it seems like there has been a lot of talk about how we have gotten here on our own, a wholesale turning away from giving God the credit for bringing us to this point in history.  I wonder what Isaiah might think about that?  I bet he would have something to say…

As a worship leader, this is something that is also on my mind when it comes to leading in a Church.  The praise team I work with has grown a great deal in the last two years!  We have become more cohesive as a group and together have become stronger musicians.  I would say that we have become pretty good at what we do, despite having a great deal of the “normal issues” that a church faces (sound quality, stylistic differences, etc).  I think Scripture like this applies to us as well, and to Christian leaders everywhere really.  We can look at how God has blessed us, how we are growing and how good things are happening within our churches, but do we give God the credit?  There are a great many mega-churches out there right now that have grown by leaps and bounds over a very short amount of time for one reason or another.  Many that I know center around the preaching of one particular pastor or program, but do we thank God for this and give Him all the credit?  Or do we foolishly think that it is our own work and ability to speak, plan, or target certain groups that has made us grow?  Brothers and Sisters in Christ we need to remember that we are the axe, not the wielder, we are the tool not the carpenter.  Let us remember that it is to God that all glory and honor goes.


Not to us, O Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory,
    for the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!

Why should the nations say,
    “Where is their God?”
Our God is in the heavens;
    he does all that he pleases.

Their idols are silver and gold,
    the work of human hands.
They have mouths, but do not speak;
    eyes, but do not see.
They have ears, but do not hear;
    noses, but do not smell.
They have hands, but do not feel;
    feet, but do not walk;
    and they do not make a sound in their throat.
Those who make them become like them;
    so do all who trust in them.

O Israel, trust in the Lord!
    He is their help and their shield.
O house of Aaron, trust in the Lord!
    He is their help and their shield.
You who fear the Lord, trust in the Lord!
    He is their help and their shield.

The Lord has remembered us; he will bless us;
    he will bless the house of Israel;
    he will bless the house of Aaron;
he will bless those who fear the Lord,
    both the small and the great.

May the Lord give you increase,
    you and your children!
May you be blessed by the Lord,
    who made heaven and earth!

The heavens are the Lord’s heavens,
    but the earth he has given to the children of man.
The dead do not praise the Lord,
    nor do any who go down into silence.
But we will bless the Lord
    from this time forth and forevermore.
Praise the Lord!

Day 199: Isaiah 7-9; The Sign of Immanuel

Portions of today’s reading are probably quite familiar to you if you have been around church during the time of Advent.  There are a great many references to the coming of Jesus, though Isaiah doesn’t name him directly, in these three verses.  Apart from reading over them to read through the Bible, I can’t say that I’ve ever closely looked at the Scripture surrounding these few prophecies of the coming Messiah.  To be honest, I don’t think that many of us have because of the nature of the timing with which we read them.  Advent is wholly focused on the coming of Christ.  We spend a great deal of time “preparing our hearts” for His arrival, to celebrate the incarnation of God into this world as a human baby.  There is so much that goes along with this, much of which I am sure we will talk about when we enter into the New Testament in a couple months.

For now, however, I think it is important to see these verses within the context that they are found here in Isaiah.  As he is writing, and as the Lord is speaking this word to him, Isaiah is prophesying both judgment and hope.  As I was reading this, I first thought that this was all gloom and doom for Israel, but really what Isaiah is talking about are the things that are to happen prior to the coming of the Lord’s anointed One.  So what we are reading here is kind of a back and forth talking about the judgment of the wicked and the hope God is also speaking to here in the coming Messiah and the kingdom of God.

When I read this Scripture and think about the message that Isaiah is speaking to these people, one that would likely be carried all over the people of Israel, I start to see the message of hope being emphasized, even though it seems as though the message of judgment is what stands out.  Isaiah is speaking of how God is going to use another nation to wipe out the Northern Kingdom of Israel, a message that, for the Hebrew people, probably shook their worldview to its foundation.  The God of Heaven had chosen this people to be His people since the time of Abraham their forefather.  All through that time, even in their rebellion and sinfulness, God had always been their for them, to fight for them and protect them as His people.  Yet now, it seems, the nature of God (perhaps ‘nature’ isn’t an appropriate word as God is unchanging) has changed in relationship to them.  They would probably be wondering about the covenant, whether God was dissolving it or not, and what the final straw was that got them to this point.

Yet I think the point that Isaiah is trying to get across to the people, that point being the message that God has for the people, what actually quite the opposite of God “giving up” on them.  Indeed God is saying quite the opposite to them, especially to the people of Judah.  He is saying that, though there is punishment coming, judgment for their sinful ways, that He is by no means giving up on them.  In fact, God already knows how and when He is going to bring about their restoration, both as a nation, and spiritually as His people.  This is a message of Judgement, for the Northern Kingdom especially, but as we will find out, the restoration that is brought about through Jesus Christ is not just for the Southern Kingdom of Judah, but for all nations, just as was originally promised to Abraham… a man chosen and blessed to be a blessing to all the nations of the world.  This is important to keep in front of us throughout the reading of the prophets, even amid the gloom and doom of judgment messages, the focus of God is always towards calling people to repentence now, of course, and towards hope and future restoration that would be and will be fulfilled in Jesus Christ.

Day 198: Isaiah 4-6; The Introduction to and Call of Isaiah

Overview of Isaiah Photo Credit:

Overview of Isaiah
Photo Credit:

The book of Isaiah is the first, and arguably the most well written book of the prophets.  Isaiah is a very eloquent writer, doing a superb job of weaving together prophecy and the call to redemption, but not leaving the people without the hope of the coming kingdom of God.  This is the longest book of the prophets as well, separated into two sections.  The first half of Isaiah talks very heavily about the coming judgments on Israel, Judah, and the nations around them as well.  He does this by pointing out the sins that they are caught in and calling them to repentance, warning that if they do not repent they will face the judgment and wrath of the Lord.  There is a is bridge between the two sections around chapters 36-39, which leads into the second section which in which Isaiah speaks God’s comfort to a nation that has been punished with exile.  In it, Isaiah talks of a coming restoration and a time in which all things would be made right.

Part of the comfort that Isaiah speaks of is that of a coming messiah, a servant of the Lord who will bring peace and restoration.  However, this isn’t the only purpose of the coming man of God, the messiah that is promised more in Isaiah than in any of the other prophetic books.  Much of what we look to when it comes to the time of Lent in the church calendar comes from Isaiah’s prophecies of Jesus’ coming.

Timeline of Isaiah Photo Credit:

Timeline of Isaiah
Photo Credit:

The actual writing of the book of Isaiah takes place over the course of many years in the history if Israel and Judah during the middle of the 8th century through the beginning of the 7th century B.C.  In fact, Isaiah’s call to be a prophet starts in the year that king Uzziah dies and his ministry takes place throughout the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah in Judah and Pekah and Hoshea in the kingdom of Israel.  He wrote during a very turbulent time in both Israel and Judah, dealing with the rise of the Assyrian Empire to the north, the empire that would eventual decimate and deport the northern kingdom of Israel.  However, as Isaiah will say later, even Assyria was under the judgment of God and fell to the Babylonians.

Isaiah's Vision in Isaiah 6 Photo Credit:

Isaiah’s Vision in Isaiah 6
Photo Credit:

Today we pick up the beginning of the ministry of Isaiah.  The first five chapters could be considered the introduction to the whole book, and chapter 6 the actual event of Isaiah’s calling and commissioning as a prophet of God.  As I said yesterday, it is entirely possible that Isaiah was a priest, likely the high priest, working in the Temple of God when he saw this vision.  It is also entirely possible that this vision happened on the day of atonement, when the High Priest was allowed to go into the Most Holy Place and commune directly with God.  He starts his account of the vision as if he wasn’t expecting anything out of the ordinary, and then he sees this amazing vision of God.  The description that follows is one full of beautiful images of the throne room of God.  Many of the images are ones that we see repeated in other visions in the Bible, from the prophets to the vision of John in Revelation.  This is called “apocalyptic writing,” imagery that is very representative of things that would have been already well known by the Hebrew people.

The Angel Touches Isaiah with a burning coal Photo Credit:

The Angel Touches Isaiah with a burning coal
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The part of the vision that strikes me the most, as a seminary student and preacher, is the vision of the angel touching the mouth of Isaiah with a burning coal.  This strikes me in several different ways.  Isaiah’s confession of being unclean has a very familiar ring to it in my life, and likely in yours as well.  As we all work through the calling of God on our lives, or even as we encounter God in worship and/or devotions, it is very easy to recognize our own weaknesses and defects.  We are indeed a people of unclean lips and we often succumb to the lie that we are not able or even worthy to do the things that God has called us to.  Isaiah recognizes this too, and something happens to him in his vision that has happened to us as well, he is touched by a burning coal from the alter of God.  This cleanses his lips and prepares him for the service which the Lord has called him to.  We too have been touched, cleansed in the blood of Jesus Christ.  The gifts that we are given and the things that God has called us to do are made righteous, cleansed from any sin that may taint them as we truly offer them to God.  Like Isaiah, the words that we say come from God, the actions that we take are ordained by God.  On our own we are not worthy, but we are not on our own are we?  The Spirit walks with us each moment of each day, directing, counseling, and sanctifying us in Christ Jesus as we seek to live for him

Day 197 (part 2): Isaiah 2

I didn’t post much about the actual reading in today’s post… so I thought that I would give it some more attention.  I am going to do this by posting a reflective paper, meant to be a short sermon or homily, that I wrote for my Hebrew class on Isaiah 2.  This particular passage is centered in between two passages about the wickedness of Judah and the coming judgment that will happen if they don’t repent.  In the middle of it though we get a vision of what things will be like on the other side of the judgment, how God will make things right.  The imagery is powerful and beautiful!  The people of Israel would have seen very clearly the hope that is written into these 5 verses.  I hope that you can take the time to re-read and visualize the images that Isaiah paints for us here.

This was written at the end of April/beginning of May during the last weeks of the school year.  I hope that can give you some context into the general situation that I was writing into.

Isaiah 2:1-5

English Standard Version (ESV)

The Mountain of the Lord

The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the Lord
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and shall be lifted up above the hills;
and all the nations shall flow to it,
    and many peoples shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go the law,
and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.
He shall judge between the nations,
and shall decide disputes for many peoples;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore.

O house of Jacob,
come, let us walk
in the light of the Lord.

The Mountain of the Lord will be established... Photo Credit:

The Mountain of the Lord will be established…
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Not all the visions of the prophets have such an awesome message and outcome as this vision of Isaiah does.  Some are downright horrifying.  However, today we encounter the Word of God that has come to Isaiah regarding the last days and what is to come for the people of God.  As I read, could you envision what Isaiah was seeing?  Was it spectacular?  The mountain of the house of the Lord raised high above all the other mountains, people coming and going freely to worship and encounter the living God who is dwelling among them!  There is transformation as well, from people carrying weapons with disputes and disagreements, to peaceful people who no longer learn war and use weapons for gardening tools.  Isaiah’s vision reveals the transformative liturgical lifestyle that exists within the Kingdom of God.

Let’s map this out.  As the narrative of Isaiah’s vision open, we see that the mountain of the house of the Lord is raised up and established.  The Hebrew word here, “nakone,” communicates an image of permanence of this establishment.  This language is also spoken the “vav-consecutive” form, meaning this future event is being spoken about as if it is in the past.  As the Lord’s House is established, all the nations of the world shall come, ascending the mountain to God’s House.  They say, “Come, let us go up…”  Yet even this is written in a causative form, meaning that they aren’t going up, but are being brought up to the house of God, called and raised up by the Lord Himself.  I don’t know how you pictured this, but in my imagining of what this looks like, there are joyful people that are processing, possibly with boom-whackers, all the way up the mountain.  The air is thick with anticipation; people waiting excitedly to hear the Word of the Lord go out.

Yet what we read is that people have come with weapons, not boom-whackers, apparently ready to engage in the normal behaviors of humanity.  It isn’t until the Word of the Lord goes forth that these weapons are put down, transformed into tools.  It isn’t until the Word of the Lord goes forth that decisions and judgments are made.  It isn’t until the Word of the Lord goes forth that the nations’ tendency for conflict and war is transformed into peace; when even the learned abilities of war evaporate into nothingness.  Though this may not look like our initial vision, the transformational outcome is nonetheless a picture of peace, of reconciliation, of Shalom.

However, in these last days of classes and exams, I’m sure that we awake, perhaps even this morning, and often think twice about coming here for worship or class for that matter.  We’d rather not ascend the circle drive of seminary and go in to learn the ways of the Lord.  You probably feel you’ve been sufficiently ‘learned’ and the last thing you want to do is come to chapel today for more, much less invite your roommate, spouse, or fellow student.  This morning seminary, chapel, or classes may feel like the highest of hills, a mountain you’d rather not climb, especially not to hear some trite words about “hanging in there” or “pressing on towards the goal.”  I’d be willing to bet that your thoughts this morning are something akin to “Oh house of Western, come, let us all just go back to bed.”  I’m sure that there have been mornings like this before; times in which you didn’t feel the joy you probably ought to feel as you came in to the house of the Lord for worship.  I’m sure the joyful procession that we envision flowing to the house of the Lord here probably feels more like a pedantic plodding, with weapons at the ready in these last days of the semester.  And the only judging and deciding that we are really thinking about at this moment is that of whether we are going to pass Dr. Bolken’s Greek Exam, our preaching final, or the last classis exam.  Suffice to say, the image that we encounter today of going to the house of the Lord seems quite distant from our current predicament.

Yet, this morning we encounter a text that says, in the most Hebrew way possible, the vision of Isaiah “Shall be…”  It will take place when the Word of the Lord goes forth.  Moreover, the vision that is Isaiah sees doesn’t depend on the physical context of the people of Israel, we don’t read that “when Israel finally gets it all together, the mountain of the Lord will be established.”  There is no caveat in here for a specific way of life that need be established for these things to take place.  No… today the Word of the Lord comes to us as a dramatic inbreaking of the new and assured reality of the “Liturgical Lifestyle” of God’s people as they live lives of worship to God in the midst of the Kingdom of God.  This doesn’t come to us as Law for moralistic living so that you don’t make God angry, but comes as the seemingly natural way of living that happens because of the work God has already done for us.  In Jesus Christ the mountain of the house of the Lord has been established and we hear the echoes of our Lord’s invitation, Come you who are weak, weary, tired, sick, etc etc… Come up to the house of the Lord.

This morning that call has gone out once again, “Come to the house of the Lord…”  And that call is set in the Liturgical Lifestyle of the people of God.  We hear God’s call and in responding He brings us up to His house, a journey made not of our own strength but by the will of the one who established the House itself.  Once we arrive we hear the Word of the Lord go out, not as moralistic decrees but as life-giving, transformational Words that renew us and strengthen us once again.  And from here we are sent out into the world, with tools instead of weapons, with peace and love instead of war as we enter into the lives we have been called to lead.  In these “last days” of the semester, as we would rather be doing anything but the life we are currently leading, we are called to the Word by the Word to be ascend to the House of God and be transformed and renewed once again… at God’s house, at the Table of our Lord where we ascend, remember, eat, and are transformed and renewed once again, for the mountain of the Lord has been established, and once again the call to this transformational, “liturgical Lifestyle” has gone out.  Come, people of God, let us go up to the Table of our Lord.  Come, people of God, let us walk in the light of the Lord.

Day 197: Isaiah 1-3; Introduction to the Prophets

Yesterday we closed out the section of the Bible known as the Wisdom literature.  In that time we had taken a step back from the overall story of Israel and had jumped into a wholly different genre of Biblical literature.  Even though these were different, and not necessarily all directly connected to the grand narrative of redemptive history, we did find that they were certainly well linked with it.  Today we begin the final section of the Old Testament: The Prophets.  In this section we will jump back into the story of Israel, though the people we will be reading lived at different times within the history of Israel from roughly the time the Kingdom split up to and even during the time of Exile for Judah.  The books are not necessarily in chronological order and it is fair to say that some of these prophets were likely working at the same time, perhaps even in the same places.

Bible Timeline Photo Credit:

Bible Timeline
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Most of the writings of the prophets are focused on calling the people back from their sins, to repent and return to God.  The office of prophet, instituted by Samuel, the last of Israel’s judges, is one that serves in a similar way to the priest, but is also very different.  The prophet serves, in many ways, as the mediator between God and the people.  Some would say that the prophet functions as the mouth of God.  Where as the priest would make intercession between the people and God, the direction of this being primarily upward, the prophet was in many ways the mediator between God and people, a primarily downward direction.  Some prophets, like Isaiah, served in both rolls, both prophet and priest as it is very likely that Isaiah himself was the high priest in the Temple.

Even as we read these chapters today we can see that the message of Isaiah is not necessarily one that would make him a super popular guy among the general populace.  Their messages tend to emphasize the negative, the sinful disobedience of Israel.  While people, even today, like to hear messages about God’s love and forgiveness, when those messages are made in the same thought as the judgment that God was going to pour out on the people if they don’t repent, the overall tone of the message is seen as negative.  And that is the thing about the prophets, this is what tended to happen.  Again, you can see this already modeled in the first three chapters.  What do you remember from reading it?  Likely it is that you remember the negative things, the judgment and destruction, not the love of God or the piece on the mountain of the Lord being established.

However, like the Lament Psalms that we encountered a couple weeks ago, there isn’t a single prophet in the Bible that ever speaks of judgment without hope.  There isn’t any prophet that speaks of the wrath of God without talking about God’s love and holiness.  These things that were destined to happen if the people didn’t repent were always trumped by the hope that was also there both in repentance and in what God was going to do after judgment came.  What the prophets are saying is that there is a time when God’s patience would run out and they would be punished for their sins.  What these same prophets are not saying is that once that time comes they no longer have hope.  Indeed there is a great thing to hope for, and it was testified and prophesied about throughout the period of the Old Testament, and that was the coming of the Messiah.  Isaiah testifies to it here in Isaiah 2, and He and most of the other prophets will indeed bring good news of a coming savior that would make things as they should be.  Though none that heard Isaiah’s words would have lived to see their true fulfillment in Jesus Christ, the hope of the coming Kingdom of God would have been well in their minds, even if they chose to focus more on the negatives of the coming judgment.  We will be with Isaiah for the next three weeks or so, and then on the Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the rest.  The section of the prophets is the one of the longest section in the Bible, contains the most information about the coming Messiah prior to the New Testament, and in many ways helps us to better understand what God is up to in redemptive history, His true Holiness and wrath against sin, and His true and unconditional love for His people.

Day 196: Song of Solomon 5-8; Love Song of Love Songs (part 2)

So yesterday we talked about love in today’s culture.  There seems to be a lot of misconceptions about “love.”  Sadly, our culture does a great misuse to this word, infusing it with all the sexual innuendos and experiences that it has to offer.  We have traded true love for cheap lust, the gift of sex for meaningless pleasures, and the lasting covenant of marriage for a string of one-night stands and throw away relationships.  Everything seems to be turned on its head; culture has taken all that has been given to us by God and made it into a sinful abomination.

There is more to this book too though, more than just a love song between a man and the woman to which he is going to be married.  There is also more to this book than the appropriate modeling of what clean, pure, Biblical love looks like.  The standard that is set here is high; the standard of a man with eyes for the one that he loves, of a man who cannot wait to be married to his bride to be.  I see this as being so different from the idea of what marriage is, or how we are to be excited for it.  As I prepare to be married and seek advice from those already married, I’ve been encouraged to enjoy being single.  People describe marriage as a “Ball and Chain” or even relate it to like “being in prison.”  We are taught to see marriage as a hindrance to our individuality rather than an amazing addition to our lives much less something we are actually looking forward to.

More than that though, Song of Songs is about love… true love.  Love and marriage are things in our lives that help us to understand the love that God has for us as well.  Marriage is something that the Bible uses again and again to talk about the love that God holds in His heart for us.  In the New Testament, the Church is called the bride of Christ.  Some of the prophets relate the people of Israel as if the whole nation were God’s wife.  As we read through Song of Solomon and as we gather a much clearer view of the passion, feeling, and attraction that the husband and wife have for each other, we begin to see a picture of how Christ loves us.  This is a sacrificial, self giving, unconditional love with which He loves us.  Throughout Scripture this is a continuing motif and appears again and again.  Many times these Scripture verses are misinterpreted as ways that one spouse can get the other to do something or act a certain way, but this too is a gross misinterpretation.  The love that spouses have for each other is to be modeled after the love that God has for us.  This is the type of love we are called to as Christians… it is counter-cultural… but this is how we are loved by God and this is the love we are to pass on to our spouse, our children, and our neighbors.

Day 195: Song of Solomon 1-4; Love Song of Love Songs

I can honestly say that I do not remember learning about this book in Sunday School.  I’m sure most Sunday school attendees don’t.  I don’t believe I have ever heard it used as the topic for a sermon either.  Many times, though, I have been told to avoid this book, that it is the X rated part of the Bible that talks about all that dirty sex stuff.  Some people have even questioned the reason for having this particular book in the Bible.  What is the point?  Why is it here?  There is very little talk about God, and a whole slew of sexual references… clearly this doesn’t belong in the Bible…

Photo Credit:

Photo Credit:

That’s what some have said, I would beg to differ, largely due to the fact that the book is there, part of the Biblical Cannon, and therefore it is as Scripture says in 2 Timothy, “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.”  I also think, that in a culture that is grossly over sexualized and the church disturbingly comfortable (or perhaps silent) in regards to the amount of sexual imagery and promiscuity that is present even within its walls, Song of Solomon (also know as Song of Songs) stands as a testimony not only to appropriate Love and Sex, but to God’s will for it as well.

Song of Solomon Photo Credit:

Song of Solomon
Photo Credit:

Solomon and his wife take turns complimenting and describing each other using metaphors that we most likely won’t understand without the socio-cultural context of the day.  It is enough to say that as they are describing each other they are using the most beautiful, strong, and meaningful words that they can think of, ones that do honor to the other.  Sometimes I think we tend to avoid this.  Our culture is overflowing with words that seek to objectify and even dehumanize the other for the sake of their sexual features.  It is not wrong to be attracted to someone, certainly we are designed for that, but the way that is modeled for us here in Song of Solomon is that of description that is motivated by LOVE, not lust.  Solomon and his bride to be are not saying these things to just any person on the street, they are committed to each other, they love each other, and in that they are free to express their love in the best ways that they know how.

We’ll talk more about this tomorrow including the relationship between a husband and a wife and how Christ’s love for the church is exhibited in this.  For now though, there is one repeated phrase that we read today that I think was very interesting:

I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem,
    by the gazelles or the does of the field,
that you not stir up or awaken love
    until it pleases.

The word “adjure” means to put a person on oath.  I think this phrase is interesting especially in the context of our culture today.  Maybe its because I’m getting older (I’m 29), but it seems like children getting involved in sexual things, even dating are getting younger and younger.  I guess I’ve noticed this in young girls especially, wearing more and more revealing, provocative clothing, going after older guys, feeling like they are’t complete unless they have some boy chasing after them.  My fiancee and I had this discussion just last weekend as we were walking the peer on lake Michigan and I observed that the girls that were running around out there didn’t look older than 15 (that might have been generous too) and were wearing some of the smallest, most revealing bathing suits I think I have ever seen.  But I wonder if this too isn’t a cultural thing, with more and more kids shows on The Disney Channel and Nickelodeon having a high level of sexual innuendos and having a great deal to do with dating.  As technology and access to everything increases, more and more our children are being taught the ‘normal’ way to live by the media rather than their parents (who seem to be increasingly absent as well).  Solomon’s wife-to-be here charges the women of Jerusalem to not do this.  I have to imagine that, in this day and age, she would charge our daughters to avoid these things, to find their true meaning in Christ and not the attention of a boy.

Maybe I’m just old fashioned… I hope not…

Day 194: Ecclesiastes 9-12; Remember Your Creator in Your Youth

While I’m not entirely sure that this article fits with all that is said in these last chapters of Ecclesiastes, I do think it fits well with the last chapter that we read today.  After reading through this book, I think now more than ever it is important for us to understand the necessity of doing things for the Lord and making sure that our children understand that.  Mostly I think this because I can see that if we just think that we know stuff and that knowledge is the only way to go, our actions in life become meaningless real fast.  This is one of the problems with the church today and one of the reasons why we see our youth leaving and never coming back.  We think that if we have the nicest things, the funnest games, and the coolest experience that people will come to our services and youth groups… that may in fact be true, but what are they learning from that?  Are we teaching them the ways of the Lord?  Are we teaching them that what we do matters?  Are we showing them the way to faith?  Or are we simply pursuing vanity… pleasure… numbers?

The article that follows is copied from the Holland Sentinel, July 8, 2013 issue.  This article was written by Annette Manwell.  None of following is my work and I take no credit for writing it.  You may find the full article by clicking on the title below.

Youth are leaving the church, many never return, according to a Hope College study

Seventy percent of youth ages 18 to 22 leave the church and only 50 percent of them return later in life.

A new study is raising an alarm about young people who leave the church and might not come back. It also is suggesting strategies to keep youth in church to begin with.

The study says half of that 70 percent who leave will return later in life. In a 10-year period, many who left will return once they’ve married or become parents and want to raise their children in a church. But that still means 35 percent of today’s youth will never return to church.

Young people are marrying later in life and many are choosing to remain childless, said Virgil Gulker, servant leader-in-residence at Hope College’s Center for Faithful Leadership, a program designed to teach and create the next generation of Christian leaders.

Known locally as the founder of Love Inc., and Kids Hope USA, Gulker worked with a group of students at the Center for Faithful Leadership to determine why youth are leaving at such an alarming rate and to develop a plan to keep those youth in the church.

During the study, which also incorporated the work of high school students, interviews were conducted of senior and youth pastors, boards and youth of several local churches.

The results showed that youth groups, thought to keep youth interested in church, are actually one of the main culprits. Youth are craving involvement in the church more than the entertainment provided by some youth groups. Through social media, some teens will look to find which church is providing the most entertaining program that week to determine where they’ll attend, Gulker said.

In the midst of that, true faith in and a relationship with God is lost, he said.

“They identify with the youth group, but not with the congregation,” Gulker said.

Youth aren’t being taught to understand their own beliefs and faith. Many inherit their faith from their parents, Gulker said, but a parent’s faith won’t get their children eternity in Heaven. A father cannot save his son a place there, he said.

“Faith is not inherited, it is internalized,” Gulker said. “We’re taking them through activities but not working on their faith.”

During interviews, teens asked if they could have substantive discussion about faith instead of all the entertainment. They also asked why youth leaders are always young and why they can’t interact with the older members of the church.

In many churches there are what Gulker called silos, groups put together by age: elementary students, teenagers, young adults, older adults, etc. But silos keep the youth separated from the older members of the church and hinder relationship building.

“It is the rare church that offers leadership training to its youth,” Gulker said.

Even though in careers people are regularly trained to step into higher positions, churches are not allowing or inviting youth to have leadership roles on boards or committees, he said, not even in an advisory capacity.

Like the stereotypical 18-year-old who knows everything, the church “never asks questions, they know everything,” Gulker said. Churches don’t know where today’s youth are at and youth view churches as exclusive, repressive, shallow and overprotective.

“The key is connection,” Gulker said, adding the youth who stayed in the church can identify at least five adults they connected with as teens.

The Center for Faithful Leadership identified five truths teens should experience while at church and ways to get them more involved and inclusive. Mentoring between various ages in the church is main component. Someone about to become a parent should be mentored by experienced parents in the church, so they can build a relationship. A couple planning to wed should be mentored by married couple. High school students should be mentored by older adults while mentoring middle school students.

Developing a solution to stave off the exodus must involve the youth or “it’s not going to work,” Gulker said.

What can the church do to retain youth?

A Next Generation Church Leadership Team could form small group structures designed to help teenagers experience and internalize five truths:

• I believe — possessing your parent’s faith does not count as belief; many inherit their parent’s beliefs or faith rather than internalize their own

• I belong — because youth between the ages of 15 and 18 are less likely to leave the church if they can name five church members who have invested in them

• I am needed — the church gives me training to accomplish significant work

• I am heard — church leaders ask for and listen to youth’s opinions

• We are making a difference — because others will know we are Christians

These truths should be integrated with the following evangelism activities:

• Mentoring — older adults mentor high school students, high school students mentor middle school students

• Making a difference — a shared missional focus gives old and young a common interest and challenges them to make a difference in their world

• Sharing ownership — youth become stakeholders in the church as they are trained to tackle meaningful leadership opportunities

• Growing faith — Bible study and faith-building experiences give youth their own faith

• Inclusive worship, relationship building — people of different generations and races discover a Christ-centered oneness through inclusive worship, small groups and mentoring experiences

Hope College’s Center for Faithful Leadership found youth are leaving the church because it is:

• Overprotective

• Shallow

• Anti-science

• Repressive

• Exclusive

• Doubtless

— But these are symptoms. The real real reason is that in most cases, there is no meaningful plan to involve youth with the church, its members or its vision.

Church challenge:

For those over 50, how many teens can you name who attend your church?

Teens, how many people over 50 can you name who attend your church?

Day 193: Ecclesiastes 5-8; Life under the sun

Today’s reading has two parts to it, at least two that I noticed.  They are, however intricately linked together in the whole of this short book.  After yesterday’s talk of how everything under the sun is meaningless if it does not find its meaning in God, we find ourselves at the beginning of Ecclesiastes 5 reading that we are to stand in awe of God.  Solomon, as he has done in the book of Proverbs, encourages us to take time when we speak to God.  While I think that he is talking specifically about prayer here, I think that Solomon is also referencing the way that things find their meaning in God as well.  Too often we are very quick to say that something belongs to God.  This is taught in many a church classroom I bet: “All you have belongs to God; it is on loan from heaven so make sure you take care of it.”  There is indeed an air of truth in this statement, but I do wonder if we ever take the time to contemplate what exactly that means… what God’s desire is for the things we own or the relationships that we have… Are we so quick to ‘dedicate’ it to God that we don’t take the time to understand the implications of that in our lives?  I’d dare say we boarder on that often… at least I do.

The other thing that I noticed about today’s reading is actually more of a line of thought that started in yesterday’s reading and continues through today and into tomorrow’s as well.  Solomon continues to speak about the evil under the sun and the meaninglessness of the things that he has observed in his life.  He is making a point here that is too often misinterpreted to mean something that it doesn’t.  The point he is getting at isn’t the meaninglessness of different things like riches, pleasure, work, etc.  His point, as it has been throughout the book of Proverbs as well is that the pursuit of these things is meaningless, or folly as he calls it in Proverbs.  All that Solomon is saying here is his expounding upon the theme that everything in life is meaningless unless if finds its meaning in God.

King Solomon, Russian icon from first quarter ...

King Solomon, Russian icon from first quarter of 18th cen. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What he is saying makes sense though too… like… common sense.  There are been countless movies made about people seeking after riches, power, and even immortality, none of which work out at all.  And really, if you think about it, what is the point of extravagant wealth?  Eventually we will all die… and then what?  Everything that we have done, all that we have worked for will be gone.  The same goes with power and even reputation.  Eventually we will pass away from this life and in time our memory will be lost.  I am reminded of the teaching of Jesus in Matthew 16 when he says,

If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.  For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.  For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or what shall a man give in return for his soul?

Solomon’s point here is not that what we do in life is meaningless.  A wise man once said “It isn’t about what you do but about who you are doing it for that really matters.”  The testament here is being intentional about working for the Lord and living your life as a way of pleasing God.  We know that we cannot earn our salvation or any sort of merit with God for these things, but we can live in gratitude for the grace we have received.

As he draws towards a conclusion, Solomon points out that life is rough.  It seems that bad things happen to good people.  Work and toil is hard.  All eventually come to the same fate.  So then, what can we do?  Like I have said, and Solomon has said so much better, do all that you do before God, “in whom we live and move and have our being.”  More than that though, we need to learn to find joy and contentment in what it is that we are called to.  God has truly blessed us with many things, more than we can comprehend, much less handle well.  For these we should give thanks and indeed offer them to God that we may bring glory to Him with the days He has given us.

Day 192: Ecclesiastes 1-4; Meaningless? Meaningless?

We have come to the book of Ecclesiastes, the second of three books attributed to king Solomon.  Ecclesiastes is also a book about wisdom, however it is written from the other side of life.  The book of Proverbs is a book written by a wise king at the beginning of his reign.  Solomon was visited by God, as recorded in 2 Chronicles 1, and upon Solomon’s request God granted him all the wisdom of the world.  One of the results of that was the book of proverbs, a sort of collection of all the wise sayings of the king throughout his reign.  The book of Ecclesiastes comes from the opposite side of his reign, the waning years of his life when he evaluates all that he did.  It is almost like two books written by one person about being a particular career.  One he wrote fresh out of college with all the theory and book knowledge that his education had given him and the other after 40 years of working and toiling, a reflection on all that has happened.  You will notice that the thesis is the same, having to do with honoring and fearing the Lord, yet the perspective is notably different, which indicates a great deal of growth on Solomon’s part.

When you begin to read this book, you’ll probably notice that it seems as though the book is taking a decidedly negative tone.  Everything is vanity, or meaningless, and nothing really matters is the presumed theme that we encounter here.  However, I think that this gloomy outlook on life needs some perspective of its own so that we can better understand what Solomon is saying in this book.  You see, Solomon, those wiser than anyone ever, did not necessarily follow his own advice.  As we read in the beginning of 2 Chronicles, Solomon had extraordinary wealth and power, but was drawn to women so much so that he had hundreds of wives.  One would think that a man that can talk so well about wisdom and wives would have been rather wary of women, but instead Solomon allowed them to lead him astray.  At the time of this writing, Solomon was likely an old man and was looking back on his life and seeing what a fool he actually was.

The Theme and Purpose of Ecclesiastes Photo Credit:

The Theme and Purpose of Ecclesiastes
Photo Credit:

Ultimately though, what Solomon writes here also falls under Wisdom’s thesis statement in Proverbs 1, “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.”  He comes back to this time and again in this book, pointing out that everything under the sun is meaningless unless it is done for the Lord to please him.  There is wisdom in the toil that we do here, even if it is left to another when we die.  Solomon realizes that no amount of wisdom or hard work will spare him the death that eventually comes to all, both wise and foolish.  So what’s the point then?  It seems like Solomon is on a mission to destroy our hope… actually some people ask this question a lot in Christian circles, just with a different spin on it.  “If we are saved, and our sins are forgiven, then why does it matter how I live my life?”  I think that question and the idea that Solomon is trying to destroy our hope is a misrepresentation of what is happening here.  Solomon is actually working to direct our hopes to the only One who can truly fulfill them.  He affirms the value of wisdom, knowledge, work, relationships, and even pleasure, but he affirms them only in their proper place.  Alone they are indeed meaningless, temporal things that will eventually fade into history.  However, we have hope in something greater than ourselves and our experience, and when these things are seen in light of the eternal, they find their true place in our lives and gain meaning beyond all that we could ever give on our own.

One final thought: Ecclesiastes is a book that build on itself.  One could be tempted to jump ahead to chapter 12 and just see Solomon’s summary and conclusions, but let me encourage you to read through the whole book… for it is not at all meaningless.

Day 191: Proverbs 29-31; Wisdom and Authority

Today I had planned on highlighting the wise sayings of other people, particularly that of Agur and King Lemuel, the two other major contributors to the book of Proverbs.  I made this decision, admittedly, before I read through today’s reading and now I am hear to tell you that we are going to change plans a little bit.  After reading through these chapters though, I noticed a specific theme that really came through as we end our journey through the book of Proverbs, the theme of having wisdom in places of authority (which also includes wisdom in dealing with those in authority over us.)

Now… this could easily turn into a governmental rant with political convictions spouting off political jargon and dogma towards one side or another, something I intend not to allow happen in my writing here.  These verses in Proverbs are not about whether we should be a democrat or a republican.  They also weren’t written for us to use as little darts to throw at a particular political philosophy, agenda, or bill as a way of proving oneself to be in the right while they are in the wrong.  While it is true that many of these and other proverbs speak of the foolish things that wicked and foolish rulers do, I would contend that one of the main thrusts of the Proverbs is to make sure that you are wise in your dealings with them.

In fact, if you really look at these proverbs, it isn’t at all about proving someone else is in the wrong, but more about making sure that you yourself are acting and being wise in the things that you do.  Solomon says again and again that foolish people will be caught in their own folly.  I think we can see this clearly as a great many governmental scandals continue to come into the light.  Whether or not these are pinned on President Obama is besides the point, it is abundantly clear that those in charge of these different sections were quite foolish in their actions and now have to operate within the brokenness of their credibility.

One particular verse that caught my attention, while we are on this subject, was Proverbs 29:4.  After the last presidential election there were a whole lot of accusations that the democratic party gave out gifts to people to get them to vote democrat.  Republicans, some of them at least, even went so far as to say that this was the reason that President Obama won again.  Whether or not this is true is not the point I am trying to make here at all.  But this verse does speak to that: “By justice a king builds up the land, but he who exacts gifts tears it down.”  In this same light I think of so many of the things that have happened during past presidencies: Obama Care, more entitlements, No Child Left Behind, the Patriot Act, etc. etc.  The list could go on and on… but perhaps we should be asking whether our government, whether local, state, or national is governing with justice in mind…  some would say “yes, it is unjust for people to suffer without some of these things.”  Others would say, “No, people need to work hard for what they have.”  Both sides, I think, would have Biblical support for their argument.

The question then is, are we being wise in what we do?  Are we being wise in how we govern?  Are we being wise in how we are governed?  Even this falls under Solomon’s Thesis statement: “The Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.”  Are we honoring God in what we do?  What we say?  How we lead?  How we follow?

The end of the book of Proverbs is very telling.  All throughout the book Solomon has been making the comparison between Lady Wisdom and lady folly.  He ends the book by telling the end of the story, the Son he spoke to chose wisdom and the result are as follows.  While  this too can be the ideal of a wife to live up to, it is just as much the description of one lives their life in the ways of wisdom, in the way of fearing and honor the Lord.  May it be so for us in all that we do.

Day 190: Proverbs 26-28; More Proverbs of Solomon

Reading through today’s Proverbs, a great deal of emphasis is placed on dealing with “foolish” people.  There are many analogies for what it is to talk to and deal with a foolish person, so many of which I feel like I encounter on a weekly basis.  I don’t know about you, but when I read these verses there are people in my life that come to mind right away.  As I read one proverbs after another talking about interacting with a foolish person I had to chuckle at the accuracy of the descriptions that were there.  So, here are some things that come to mind.  I’ll post the Scripture, and then some thoughts of something I encountered.

Proverbs 27:1-2
Do not boast about tomorrow,
for you do not know what a day may bring.
Let another praise you, and not your own mouth;
a stranger, and not your own lips.

Lebron James, Miami Heat are NBA Champs

Lebron James, Miami Heat are NBA Champs

A couple of weeks ago, the Miami Heat won the NBA national championship, something that was “guaranteed by Lebron James some time in the past couple years or something (admittedly, I don’t pay attention to it at all).  In post came interviews, Lebron compared his ‘moments of greatness’ with that of Michael Jordan a decade ago.  First of all, he looked like an idiot because practically no one agreed with him.  Second, he looks like a complete jerk because he feels the need to define his own moments and build himself up because no one really is.  Third, what about the rest of the team?  Lebron never mentioned a single one of his teammates in in speech.  While there isn’t a particular verse that mentions remembering one’s teammates, not thinking of oneself more highly than they ought is certainly a proverbial theme through all of this book.  Finally, and this I find most interesting, the new of the team’s win disappeared about as fast as the last game ended… which makes be think that there is something to Proverbs 26:1, “Like snow in summer or rain in harvest, so honor is not fitting for a fool.”  It is so unnatural for us to see and admire someone so self-absorbed… it just seems so out of place and unnatural.

Proverbs 26:11
Like a dog that returns to his vomit
is a fool who repeats his folly.

Cycle of Addiction Diagram

Cycle of Addiction Diagram

Before going into seminary, I worked in the Emergency Department of a hospital.  It was a truly transforming experience for me as I was able to take care of people when they were at the lowest of the low points in their lives, some by accident and some by virtue of poor choices.  What was truly sad were those people that we saw time and again in the department because they continued to make the wrong choices day after day after day.  We tend to call this addiction, but truly addiction starts with a bad choice repeated many times in a cycle until it seems that the body cannot live without it.  Alcohol, Drugs, the wrong friends, and many more will bring a person down into the dust.  Solomon is point to this as well.  Sometimes it happens because a person doesn’t know better.  Sometimes it happens because a person feels they have nowhere else to turn.  Sometimes it happens because a profound sense of self-loathing or a need to escape.  In any case, we tend to turn a blind eye to the addicts and stuff because they “did it to themselves.”  While that may in some sense be true, never in the wise sayings of Scripture does it tell us not to love them as God loves them.

Proverbs 26:20-23
For lack of wood the fire goes out,
and where there is no whisperer, quarreling ceases.
As charcoal to hot embers and wood to fire,
so is a quarrelsome man for kindling strife.
The words of a whisperer are like delicious morsels;
they go down into the inner parts of the body.
Like the glaze covering an earthen vessel
 are fervent lips with an evil heart.

I think this is one of the most self-explanatory, and also one of the hardest to go along with Proverbs in today’s reading.  My memories are drawn back to high school and middle school (though sadly adult life is not devoid of this either) and the abundant drama that exists within the lives of teenagers.  Someone said this about me, but I said that about her, and those people think that about him as well.  Everyone gets upset at someone because of something and at the end of the day, its just an overabundance of drama.  I tried to avoid this in high school as I do in adult life as well.  How?  By not being involved any more than need be, which usually means I am not involved at all.  Without wood a fire goes out and without people who are willing to talk, gossip evaporates into thin air.

Day 189: Proverbs 23-25; Thirty Sayings of the Wise

Today’s reading, though perhaps not marked in your Bible, covers over a section of Proverbs called “30 Wise Sayings.”  As I was doing a little research on this particular section, I came across a blog called “”  In March of 2008 the writer, whom I assume is named Mark, wrote an ‘annotated version’ of the thirty wise sayings.  I really enjoyed reading it so I am going to re-post it here.  I want to point out for the record that none of the follow is original to me and I assume no credit for any of it.  All credit for the following material goes to  Enjoy!

30 wise sayings annotated

(the stuff in parenthesis are my comments which may not be as wise as the sayings themselves! They are there to promote thoughtful reflection on the wise saying. Comments are always welcome)

Proverbs 22:20-24:22 (Contemporary English Version)

20I have written thirty sayings

filled with sound advice.

21You can trust them completely

to give you the right words

for those in charge of you.


22 Don’t take advantage   of the poor

or cheat them in court.

23The LORD is their defender,

and what you do to them,

he will do to you.

(Walmart, homeless, Katrina)


24 Don’t make friends with anyone   who has a bad temper.

25You might turn out like them

and get caught in a trap.

(root of bitterness)


26 Don’t guarantee to pay   someone else’s debt.

27If you don’t have the money,

you might lose your bed.



28 Don’t move a boundary marker [a] set up by your ancestors.

(respect for old standards and measurements, Jubilee principle)


29 If you do your job well,   you will work for a ruler

and never be a slave.

(work hard! work smart!)



1 When you are invited   to eat with a king,

use your best manners.

2Don’t go and stuff yourself!

That would be just the same

as cutting your throat.

3Don’t be greedy for all

of that fancy food!

It may not be so tasty.

(good manners, others first, avoid gluttony)


4 Give up trying so hard   to get rich.

5Your money flies away

before you know it,

just like an eagle

suddenly taking off.

(You cannot serve both God and money)


6 Don’t accept an invitation   to eat a selfish person’s food,

no matter how good it is.

7People like that take note

of how much you eat. [b] They say, “Take all you want!”

But they don’t mean it.

8Each bite will come back up,

and all your kind words

will be wasted.

(no such thing as a free lunch)


9 Don’t talk to fools–   they will just make fun.

(foolish chatter)


10 Don’t move a boundary marker [c] or take the land   that belongs to orphans.

11God All-Powerful is there

to defend them against you.

(Jubilee principle again – God sides with the have-nots. The WSJ sides with the haves)


12 Listen to instruction   and do your best to learn.

(you never stop a learner – pay attention!)


13 Don’t fail to correct   your children.

You won’t kill them

by being firm,

14and it may even

save their lives.

(children are not hurt by firmness – and may be helped by it)


15 My children,   if you show good sense,

I will be happy,

16and if you are truthful,

I will really be glad.

(good sense is good – truthfulness is even better!)


17 Don’t be jealous of sinners,   but always honor the LORD.

18Then you will truly have hope

for the future.

(good life does not equal being a rich and famous sinner)


19 Listen to me, my children!   Be wise and have enough sense

to follow the right path.

20Don’t be a heavy drinker

or stuff yourself with food.

21It will make you feel drowsy,

and you will end up poor

with only rags to wear.

(don’t drink too much or eat too much!)


22 Pay attention to your father,   and don’t neglect your mother

when she grows old.

23Invest in truth and wisdom,

discipline and good sense,

and don’t part with them.

24Make your father truly happy

by living right

and showing

sound judgment.

25Make your parents proud,

especially your mother.

(mom’s are awesome!)


26 My son, pay close attention,   and gladly follow

my example.

27Bad women and unfaithful wives

are like a deep pit–

28they are waiting to attack you

like a gang of robbers

with victim after victim.

(avoid sexual temptations as well as falling into deep pits)


29 Who is always in trouble?   Who argues and fights?

Who has cuts and bruises?

Whose eyes are red?

30Everyone who stays up late,

having just one more drink.

31Don’t even look

at that colorful stuff

bubbling up in the glass!

It goes down so easily,

32but later it bites

like a poisonous snake.

33You will see weird things,

and your mind

will play tricks on you.

34You will feel tossed about

like someone trying to sleep

on a ship in a storm.

35You will be bruised all over,

without even remembering

how it all happened.

And you will lie awake asking,

”When will morning come,

so I can drink some more?”

(avoid alcoholism!)



1 Don’t be jealous of crooks   or want to be their friends.

2All they think about

and talk about

is violence and cruelty.

(bad friends corrupt good morals)


3 Use wisdom and understanding   to establish your home;

4let good sense fill the rooms

with priceless treasures.

(Better Homes and Gardens)


5 Wisdom brings strength,   and knowledge gives power.

6Battles are won

by listening to advice

and making a lot of plans.

(strategize life. Make plans or plan to fail. Listen to advise)


7 Wisdom is too much for fools!   Their advice is no good.

(Ignore bad advise)


8 No one but troublemakers   think up trouble.

9Everyone hates senseless fools

who think up ways to sin.

(good sense)


10 Don’t give up and be helpless   in times of trouble.

(Never Give Up! Never Give Up! Never Give Up! – Winston Churchill)


11 Don’t fail to rescue those   who are doomed to die.

12Don’t say, “I didn’t know it!”

God can read your mind.

He watches each of us

and knows our thoughts.

And God will pay us back

for what we do.

(Burma, China, Katrina, abortion, Uganda, slavery and human trafficking)


13 Honey is good for you,   my children,

and it tastes sweet.

14Wisdom is like honey

for your life–

if you find it,

your future is bright.

(wisdom equals honey)


15 Don’t be a cruel person   who attacks good people

and hurts their families.

16Even if good people

fall seven times,

they will get back up.

But when trouble strikes

the wicked,

that’s the end of them.

(good people fail but they get right back up)


17 Don’t be happy   to see your enemies trip

and fall down.

18The LORD will find out

and be unhappy.

Then he will stop

being angry with them.

(Love your enemies)


19 Don’t let evil people   worry you

or make you jealous.

20They will soon be gone

like the flame of a lamp

that burns out.

(Don’t be overwhelmed by injustice.)


21 My children, you must respect   the LORD and the king,

and you must not make friends

with anyone

who rebels

against either of them.

22Who knows what sudden disaster

the LORD or a ruler

might bring?

(be careful of the temptation to side with the rebellious – it may backfire!)


  1. Proverbs 22:28 marker: In ancient Israel boundary lines were sacred because all property was a gift from the Lord (see Deuteronomy 19.14).
  2. Proverbs 23:7 People. . . eat: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
  3. Proverbs 23:10 marker: See the note at 22.28.

Day 188: Proverbs 20-22; More on Wisdom

I admit that the title of today’s blog is not overly inspiring, yet really that is what today is about… more wisdom.  As I was reading today I again asked the question of what in the world I am going to write about today.  I kind of felt like I was running out of things to say towards the end of the Psalms, and we’re a little over halfway through the Proverbs and I don’t feel like I have much more to contribute.  There are so many things that Solomon covers here, I don’t think that I could do any one of them real justice considering he was indeed the wisest person that ever lived.  So I guess today’s post will be a bit shorter than normal.

One thing that has struck me, that I mentioned a few days ago, is the nature of pursuing wisdom.  Solomon covers this time and again, which as we learned yesterday means that he is trying to emphasize it a great deal.  One of the major things that he repeats is the rewards of pursuing wisdom vs. the rewards of pursuing wealth.  This is clearly demonstrated in the Solomon’s life as well.  When the Lord comes to give Solomon whatever he asks for, Solomon could have chosen great wealth, power, strength, or even long life, yet instead he asked for wisdom and discernment.  God was pleased with this choice, the result of which actually brought to Solomon great wealth and power.  Ultimately though it wasn’t wealth or power that Solomon sought after; he didn’t choose wisdom so that he would get rich.  Solomon chose wisdom so that he would be a wise king.  His pursuit of wisdom though brought the rewards of great wealth and influence which Solomon used well… for a time.

This clarity of pursuit is covered time and again in the proverbs of Solomon and, as we’ll see in the coming days, in other’s proverbs as well.  The pursuit of riches will eventually bring one to ruin.  We see this time and again with people that spend so much time trying to get rich and then loose it all.  Just think of how many people have won the lottery and are filing for bankruptcy.  The numbers are staggering, and incredibly sad.  Yet there are many out there with extraordinary wealth that really haven’t made wealth their full pursuit.  Instead, they have slowly built their lives and laid them on the foundation of God, as Solomon has suggested.  These are wise people whose wealth is not found in money or things, though they surely have more than enough, but is found in relationships, giving, and glorifying God in their actions.  These are the people that we should look to.  They are happy and content with their lives, with all that God has given them, and are bringing honor and glory to Him with all that He has blessed them with.  They have taken the wisdom of Solomon to heart and recognized the true source of their blessings as we all should.