Day 247: Ezekiel 27-28; Prophecy and Lament

There is an interesting juxtaposition of emotions that comes along with today’s reading.  First, we hear a lament that Ezekiel raises for the city of Tyre, which is followed by more prophecy against the city and especially against its leaders.  This too is followed by prophecy against Sidon, another city very close to Tyre, and then a promise from the Lord regarding Israel.

Ezekiel, when he speaks of Tyre in his lament, speaks very highly of the city as being something great and beautiful at the time of it’s fall.  If you were to put the description of the city of Jerusalem up against this description of the city of Tyre, it would seem that Tyre is like a gem, a city that has everything while Jerusalem was nothing by a Godless city of idolaters.  There is no doubt that Tyre was a city that had been abundantly blessed by the Lord.  It is clear here that they had just about everything and traded with everyone.  Tyre was known for its wealth and trading, a city with two harbors prominent throughout the history books.  The city itself was beautiful and well fortified.  Yet for all its beautiful, it and especially its leaders, fell into the sin of pride.  As I read this I was reminded of many of today’s celebrities and even some of the nation’s biggest cities that seemingly have (or had) everything and have since crumbled before the eyes of the entire world.  I cannot help by think that the old adage is very true, “Pride goeth before the fall.”

Though Ezekiel did prophesy against the city of Tyre itself in chapters 26 & 27, he takes a turn, as our other prophet friends have done, towards its leaders and their pride that also led the people down this road of destruction.  What is more interesting , here in chapter 28 (apart from the mention of the prophet Daniel whom we will be covering in a couple days), is Ezekiel doesn’t just take aim at the human leaders, but at the spiritual leaders of the city as well, namely Satan.  It is clear that there are times when Ezekiel is using words and phrases that cannot be applied just to a human being but obviously go deeper to that who the king is following.  While he is never named directly, it is clear that the leadership of Tyre have chosen to follow the ways of evil, seduced by Satan towards the way of pride and sinfulness.  Ezekiel is condemning both the leaders and Satan for Tyre’s fall.

We need to be careful when we look into these scriptures though.  It could be just as easy for us to think that we know exactly what is happening here and all that Ezekiel is talking about.  Whether or not we can discern which parts of chapter 28 are directed at the King of Tyre and which are directed at Satan is probably not the point that Ezekiel is trying to make here.  What is more important, I think, is the message to leaders that we again get in this section of prophetic literature.  We have encountered this before in Isaiah and Jeremiah and, as leaders, need to heed the warning that pride is a dangerous sin the leaves destruction in its wake.  It is alarming how many Christian leaders in the world are being brought down by marital infidelity, stealing, and even things like plagiarism.  We need to take our cues from those people we see in culture who have it all and think they can handle it on their own, as if they were somehow the source of their many blessings.  It is God alone who gives us what we have, who blesses us in our positions, and who should be leading us wherever we are going and whatever we are doing.  All else is the way of pride and sin.  We don’t “got this…” God does.



Day 246: Ezekiel 24-26; Familiar Prophecies

Ezekiel is a book that is full of things that are unique to him in relation to all of the other prophets.  The visions and actions that Ezekiel sees and takes are very different from all of the other prophets and often times make him seem eccentric and perhaps even a bit weird.  Yet for all the craziness that comes with this “son of man,” the message that he brings is very familiar.  In fact, today’s reading brings with it some of the more familiar prophecies, similar to that of Isaiah and Jeremiah.  We also read again today of the siege of Jerusalem and its fall.  These are all very familiar happenings for us, so at the risk of being repetitive I am going to include links to the other places in which these are recorded and the posts concerning them.  After which we’ll take briefly about Ezekiel 24:15-27 where Ezekiel’s wife dies.

The Fall of Jerusalem

Babylon and Jerusalem Fall, God is Faithful
Jeremiah 52

Historic Interlude – The first invasion of Judah
Isaiah 36-39

Josiah Through Zedekiah and the Exile
2 Chronicles 35-36

Destruction and Exile of Judah
2 Kings 24-25

Prophecies Against the Nations

Messages Against the Nations (Part 1)
Messages Against the Nations (Part 2)
Messages Against the Nations (Part 3)
Jeremiah 46-50

Oracles Against the Nations (Part 1)
Oracles Against the Nations (Part 2)
Oracles Against the Nations (Part 3)
Isaiah 14-25

…and many more to come as well…

One thing that is rather unique to the the book of Ezekiel in today’s reading is the narrative of the death of Ezekiel’s wife.  Like many of the other actions that Ezekiel had taken in his life, like lying on his side to represent the time of punishment for Judah and Israel, this event in Ezekiel’s life as well as the actions he takes (or more appropriately stated: doesn’t take) are representative of the posture of the people of God when they hear of Jerusalem’s fall.  There are a couple of meanings that can be found in this short passage.  For one, we see clearly that it is the Lord who both knows of and is in control of the fall of Ezekiel’s wife and the fall of Jerusalem.  God is making sure that the people know that it is He who is doing this and not someone or something else that has more power than God.  Second, I think that God is showing the people of Israel what is happening to “the pride of [their] power, the delight of [their] eyes, and the yearning of [their] soul.”  The people of God had placed too much confidence in the Temple and in their city and land, boasting that as their strength instead of God only to see God Himself, who gave them these things, take it away.  It is a message to us as well  that, though we may value the blessings of our lives, we must value more and ultimately only worship God who gave us these things.



Day 245: Ezekiel 22-23; Abominations

There are some days in which I feel this blog is easy to write.  The content within the reading lends itself to particular topics and/or subjects that need to be addressed and I feel as though the Spirit is moving within me and I know what it is that I am supposed to say.  However, today is not one of those today.  In fact, I am completely at a loss as to what to say about the reading today.  Sometimes if I start writing things will come to me and the words will start flowing, but today that doesn’t seem to be the case either.

I was kind of struck by the opening section of chapter 22 as Ezekiel was asked to judge the city of Jerusalem for the abominations that they had committed.  It may seem rather obvious to some, but what struck me was that it was the things they did and the things they had that caused them to “become guilty.”  While I don’t think there is a direct connection here, I started to think about our materialistic culture and all the things that we have and all the other things we want to have.  The people became “defiled” by their idols.  I wonder if we walk that line sometimes, bordering on becoming defiled by some of the things that we have or work for.  Just recently I was reading an article about Internet Addiction and how it is a problem that is drastically on the increase in America.  Computers, Video Games, Facebook, and all the other things that I could name forever and ever are not in and of themselves a bad thing, but when they become the driving force behind our lives they become our idols and we become defiled by them, loosing focus on God and His purpose for us.

The other thing that struck me today, which I think is inextricably linked to what I just said, was the story of Oholah and Oholibah and their “prostitution” in chapter 23.  It starts by talking about who they were and how they got to where they are today.  While they were still “young,” as Ezekiel says in the analogy, they gave themselves up, prostituting themselves to the many different nations.  The Northern Kingdom did this first and was followed closely and ultimately surpassed by Jerusalem, which I can only assume means the whole of Judah.  What I found interesting in this whole narrative that Ezekiel is saying is that they did these awful things for a while and God sent them warnings and stuff, but eventually God gave them up to their idolatrous pursuits and it is clear that they backfired greatly.  Indeed instead of having all that they sought from the other nations, Judah became the laughing stock of everyone and looked down upon greatly by all the nations.

I don’t know that I can completely say that I understand this in its fullest sense, but when I was younger I was very heavily into online gaming.  For a long time there were friends that warned me not to get addicted and people that tried to get me to give it up so that I would be a “real life” friend to them.  After a while though, people stopped trying and I fell into the addiction.  In fact, a great many of my friends left me because of what I was doing thinking I was a crazy person and an addict, which I was.  Sadly this lasted for a long time.  It cost me my friends, my schooling, and, at least for the short term, my future.  Fortunately, God hadn’t given up on me and he used this time to bring me to my knees.  Eventually I wound up pursuing a career in ministry and eventually Seminary where I am now… but the “exile” or wilderness that I went through was not a fun one.



Day 244: Ezekiel 20-21; Old News… Bad News…

There is a great deal of bad news that comes with today’s reading.  It’s almost depressing to be honest.  Ezekiel probably has one of the most comprehensive descriptions about what is going on with the people of Israel, why it is happening, and even how it will take place.  As I was reading all of chapter 20 though, I kept thinking that I had heard all of this in another place before now.  Of course we have heard a lot of this message in Isaiah and Jeremiah, but it wasn’t with them that we had heard all of Ezekiel’s telling of the story of the people of Israel.  Do you remember where it came from?  It’s been a long time since we talked about it and it had been a long time chronologically speaking for the people of Israel too.  However, any good Hebrew scholar of the Scriptures in that time would have recognized Ezekiel’s words as coming from the book of Leviticus, particularly the end, as well as other parts of Exodus and Deuteronomy that talk about the Covenant and all that would happen if they broke the covenant.

What Ezekiel was saying here, the Word of the Lord that came to him, was certainly not anything new for the people of Israel.  I would assume that Ezekiel knew exactly what God was saying and where He was drawing from as the words were flowing out of his mouth.  If you have a moment, read the following excerpt from Leviticus 26, you might notice some similarities between Ezekiel 20 and this:

Leviticus 26

14 “But if you will not listen to me and will not do all these commandments, 15 if you spurn my statutes, and if your soul abhors my rules, so that you will not do all my commandments, but break my covenant, 16 then I will do this to you: I will visit you with panic, with wasting disease and fever that consume the eyes and make the heart ache. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. 17 I will set my face against you, and you shall be struck down before your enemies. Those who hate you shall rule over you, and you shall flee when none pursues you. 18 And if in spite of this you will not listen to me, then I will discipline you again seven fold for your sins, 19 and I will break the pride of your power, and I will make your heavens like iron and your earth like bronze. 20 And your strength shall be spent in vain, for your land shall not yield its increase, and the trees of the land shall not yield their fruit.

21 “Then if you walk contrary to me and will not listen to me, I will continue striking you, sevenfold for your sins. 22 And I will let loose the wild beasts against you, which shall bereave you of your children and destroy your livestock and make you few in number, so that your roads shall be deserted.

23 “And if by this discipline you are not turned to me but walk contrary to me, 24 then I also will walk contrary to you, and I myself will strike you seven fold for your sins. 25 And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute vengeance for the covenant. And if you gather within your cities, I will send pestilence among you, and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. 26 When I break your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in a single oven and shall dole out your bread again by weight, and you shall eat and not be satisfied.

27 “But if in spite of this you will not listen to me, but walk contrary to me, 28 then I will walk contrary to you in fury, and I myself will discipline you sevenfold for your sins. 29 You shall eat the flesh of your sons, and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters. 30 And I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars and cast your dead bodies upon the dead bodies of your idols, and my soul will abhor you. 31 And I will lay your cities waste and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your pleasing aromas. 32 And I myself will devastate the land, so that your enemies who settle in it shall be appalled at it.33 And I will scatter you among the nations, and I will unsheathe the sword after you, and your land shall be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste.

34 “Then the land shall enjoy its Sabbaths as long as it lies desolate, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land shall rest, and enjoy its Sabbaths. 35 As long as it lies desolate it shall have rest, the rest that it did not have on your Sabbaths when you were dwelling in it. 36 And as for those of you who are left, I will send faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a driven leaf shall put them to flight, and they shall flee as one flees from the sword, and they shall fall when none pursues. 37 They shall stumble over one another, as if to escape a sword, though none pursues. And you shall have no power to stand before your enemies. 38 And you shall perish among the nations, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. 39 And those of you who are left shall rot away in your enemies’ lands because of their iniquity, and also because of the iniquities of their fathers they shall rot away like them.

40 “But if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers in their treachery that they committed against me, and also in walking contrary to me, 41 so that I walked contrary to them and brought them into the land of their enemies—if then their uncircumcised heart is humbled and they make amends for their iniquity, 42 then I will remember my covenant with Jacob, and I will remember my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land. 43 But the land shall be abandoned by them and enjoy its Sabbaths while it lies desolate without them, and they shall make amends for their iniquity, because they spurned my rules and their soul abhorred my statutes. 44 Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not spurn them, neither will I abhor them so as to destroy them utterly and break my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God.45 But I will for their sake remember the covenant with their forefathers, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God: I am the Lord.”

The Word of the Lord to Ezekiel is not something made up on the spot, neither is it contrary to the Covenant that God has made with His people.  Yet even at the end of Chapter 20, as we have seen in the writings of the prophets and many more times throughout Israel’s history, God forgives and His grace abounds.  In so many ways, God’s grace abounds.  Even with the people of God don’t get it, when they don’t repent, God still forgives and still continues to try to teach them.  He even goes so far as to send His Son to do what they could not so that the whole world would know that He is God.



Day 243: Ezekiel 17-19; The Word of The Lord Came… Then They Will Know…

I noticed something as I was reading today’s Scripture, a repeated phrase that has come up again and again.  Well, actually there are two phrases that I have noted a couple times in Ezekiel.  I think both of them are important to us as we continue to read here.  While I will be brief here today, I want to encourage you to take a few minutes and go back over the readings from the past couple of days and look to see where you find these phrases and noticed what they are linked with.

The first phrase is: “The Word of the Lord came…”  Often times this is something that Ezekiel is talking about in a personal sense.  The Word of the Lord came to him (me) and at that point He started speaking, almost as if the Word of God was inhabiting Ezekiel’s mouth and thus compelling him to speak.  I wonder if, because Ezekiel was special, he just spoke what he felt he was told to speak right away or if he ever hesitated.  If I were to take some time to reflect on my life I can remember some times that I should have said something and didn’t.  I wonder if this was more of Ezekiel’s experience in being a prophet…  I am reminded of the post from a couple days ago when we talked about Ezekiel being a watchman for Israel, perhaps this compelled him to speak a bit more?  I wonder if we took that mentality as Christians, understanding that we are the watchmen for our communities, friends, family, churches, etc.  Would we be compelled to speak more when we feel that we are being prompted?

The second phrase is: “Then they will know…” or “and you shall know that I am the Lord…”  This phrase comes up time and again in prophetic literature, often times appearing after the Lord has said that He is going to do something.  Generally speaking this comes after talk of judgment or some sort of punishing action against Israel or the nations around Israel.  It could be against Israel or it could be in defense of Israel.  The point, however, is that these things are happening not because the people were aware but because they weren’t.  You don’t put a name tag on if you know everyone and everyone knows you, you put it on so people can see you and recognize you and address you by name.  It has become abundantly clear that the people of God no longer recognize their God and it is through these actions that God is going to take that they are to be reminded of God.  This too makes me wonder, do we recognize God and God’s actions?  I have a couple of close friends that are going through some tough times right now.  On their care pages they mention often how they can see God at work in their day to day lives as they recover and/or deal with their individual situations.  I’m not saying that these bad things had to happen before they would recognize God in their lives, they are good Christian people, but the fact remains that they are more aware than ever of God’s hand at work in their lives.  I wonder if we are that aware… or if we just take things for granted…  perhaps we, like Israel, have a tendency to forget to see God, know God’s actions, and thank Him for His providence in our lives?



Day 242: Ezekiel 14-16; Judgment on Idolatrous Israel

Our reading today is largely linked with much of the prophecy of Ezekiel against Jerusalem that we have already read.  As Ezekiel unfolds and reveals the Word of the Lord to the people of Israel, he has shown them and told them that they have sinned again and again, repeatedly angering the Lord and, though God was with them and was going to be with them, they were going to be punished for their sins and their idolatry.  Thus far we have focused in on Ezekiel, his calling, and the vision that he sees twice, but all of that is actually focused in on the judgment that is coming on Jerusalem, Judah, and that which already happened to Israel (the Northern Kingdom).  It has been represented by actions that Ezekiel has taken and it has been declared by God and delivered as a message to God’s people through the mouth of Ezekiel.  Today we find out in vivid detail, as if we didn’t already know this, the reasoning behind the judgment that is taking place.

As we have heard in both Isaiah and Jeremiah, the people of Israel have turned away from God.  This is certainly not groundbreaking news for us today as we read, but what is perhaps the more alarming and shocking thing that we see here is the depth of the brokenness that is related to us.  God’s people have not simply stopped listening to Him from time to time, they have completely turned their back on Him and given themselves over to other gods.  Ezekiel relays God’s message to the people of Israel in terms of a marriage rocked by a adulterous spouse who has not simply cheated on her husband, but has sold herself to anyone and everyone that she has found.  Ezekiel 16 really tells the story of Israel’s unfaithfulness from beginning to now.  I would encourage you to read it again.

I’ve only been married a couple of weeks, but I honestly think for the first time I am beginning to grasp this idea of what God is talking about.  I can’t even imagine the heartache and pain I would feel if my wife betrayed my love and trust to even one person.  But God says that the people of Israel didn’t just go looking for another god, they willingly opened themselves to any passerby, as if their relationship, their covenant with God didn’t matter.  To imagine my wife just willingly giving herself away to anyone on the road just turns my stomach.  Yet this is the image we are given of Israel, the chosen people of God.

Yet even as I read this I start to get a nagging feeling inside of me too, not about my wife but about myself.  This isn’t just Israel’s story is it?  No… it is my story… our story… the story of redemption and salvation that we are reading here.  We too have been chosen and called by God.  We too have been offered life, clothed and made beautiful in Jesus Christ.  We too have turned our backs time an again on the one who has saved us, replacing him with the next popular TV show, musical artist, hobby, or video game.  Like the people of Israel, we too have given ourselves over to the lustful passions of our hearts, revealing ourselves to whatever might seem nice at the moment…

For thus says the Lord God: I will deal with you as you have done, you who have despised the oath in breaking the covenant,  yet I will remember my covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish for you an everlasting covenant.  Then you will remember your ways and be ashamed when you take your sisters, both your elder and your younger, and I give them to you as daughters, but not on account of the covenant with you.  I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall know that I am the Lord,  that you may remember and be confounded, and never open your mouth again because of your shame, when I atone for you for all that you have done, declares the Lord God.

This is true grace.  This is only found in the blood of Jesus Christ.  No matter how far we turn, God remembers His covenant with us that we may always be welcomed back into His arms.



Day 241: Ezekiel 10-13; Ezekiel's Vision and the Glory of God

Today I would like to take a bit of a closer look at the vision of Ezekiel in chapter 1 that he sees again in our chapter 10 of our reading today.  This is the second time that Ezekiel sees a vision like this and describes it for us.  These visions, like many of his visions, are full of crazy imagery that seems weird to us.  It almost seems like it is something out of a messed up movie or some B-rates sci-fi, made for T.V. movie or something.  There have been some that claim that these visions of Ezekiel are actually the first recorded sightings of U.F.O’s visiting the planet and this is Ezekiel’s attempt to interpret the advanced technology that he is seeing.

While I highly doubt that Ezekiel saw any U.F.O’s during his time in Babylon, it is very clear that what he is seeing is strange and completely out of the ordinary.  Yet it is also true that when God speaks to us and reveals Himself to us, He does so in means and ways that we are capable of understanding, even if it doesn’t seem like it at first glance.  The people of Israel would have been able to recognize much of this symbolism, though its difficult to ever say that a particular part of any vision like this has a direct one-to-one correlation, especially for people in the 21st century, over 2,000 years removed from this cultural context.

Speaking of context, it is important to remember that Ezekiel is in Babylon when he is seeing these images, one of the exiles from the first wave that was brought over by King Nebuchadnezzar.  In both of Ezekiel’s visions he sees the four creatures and the four wheels.  Lets take a look at these things first.  The four creatures each have four heads with four faces, yet their bodies seem to be like those of a human.  Often times these different faces would be representative of the perfect nature of God.  Each could represent a different aspect of God’s nation like strength, intelligence, and even divinity.  It could also be though that these creatures are representative of the whole of creation in all of its majesty.  In one commentary that I read, there is a comment made about a link between each of these faces and each of the four gospels:

Matthew – The Lion; Matthew represents Christ as the Lion of Judah.

Mark – The Ox; Mark represents Christ as the Servant of God

Luke – The Human; Luke represents Christ as the perfect Human

John – The Eagle; John represents Christ as the Divine Son of God

We’ll talk more about the differences in the gospels in a couple weeks when we get there. It is also important to note that these creatures in Ezekiel’s vision are parallels to the creatures around the throne of God that John sees and records in the book of Revelation.  More to come on this as well in a couple months!

The other prominent thing that Ezekiel sees in both visions is the 4 “wheel within a wheel” apparatuses that are next to the four creatures.  Both times these wheels are covered in eyes and he even describes them as having fire within them.  This is linked heavily to the phrase “wherever the Spirit would go,” pointing towards the ability to go in any direction at any time.  This would have been contrasted with the vehicular transport of the time, mainly horse and chariot, and their slower and more awkward ability to make turns.  God’s throne, as Ezekiel sees it, is able to go anywhere at any time in an instant, wherever the Spirit wills to go.  They are covered with eyes and contain a flame therein, representing, most likely, the ability for the Spirit of God to see all things everywhere with a sight that is both penetrating and purifying.  Though seemingly terrifying, this is actually representing a message of comfort to the people in exile, showing them that God both sees them in their foreign land and is with them while they are there.  If they believed that the throne of God was somehow limited to being in Jerusalem in the Temple, Ezekiel’s vision is letting them know that it is able to be anywhere and everywhere all the time.

There are some more familiar images in both visions too.  Ezekiel sees a throne with one sitting on it.  There is a rainbow above Him, something instantly recognizable by anyone, especially the Hebrews.  The second vision is like the first, except that it is set in the Temple, which is considered to be the throne of God by the Hebrew people.  It is here that Ezekiel recognizes the creatures as Cherubim, the angels that are present in the throne room of God.

All of this, everything that Ezekiel describes to us, is representative of the glory of God translated into images that are manageable and meaningful to us as humans.  The Divine is so wholly other, so incomprehensible to us as finite humans, that there is no way for us to see it as it really is, much less understand it.  Ezekiel is seeing and describing for us the human translation of the presence and glory of God Almighty.  The vision ends abruptly at the end of chapter 10 though, as the glory of the Lord ascends from the Temple in Jerusalem and departs from that place… something that we will pick up on tomorrow…



Day 240: Ezekiel 5-9; A Watchman for Israel

As I said yesterday, today we are going to talk more about the call of Ezekiel and the vision that he has.  Moreover, I would like to talk about some of the meanings of the vision, not all though because he actually has this vision again in chapter 10, which we’ll talk about tomorrow.  Ezekiel’s life is also full of symbolic actions and is itself part of the message that he is delivering to the people of Israel.  His actions, words, and visions all coalesce into what the Word of the Lord is for the people of Israel living in exile in Babylon.

Ezekiel’s call and vision happen concurrently, one right after another, and are very much related to each other.  As a priest of Israel, Ezekiel was responsible for being the mediator between God and His people.  Under normal circumstances, Ezekiel would have been working in the Temple of God in Jerusalem performing sacrifices for the people of Israel, worshiping God and mediating between the divine and the terrestrial.  In Babylon however, the people of God were cut off, or so they thought, from their theological center, 500 or so miles from Jerusalem (actually it was about 1,000 miles by way of caravan as they would have meandered through the land for trade and safety).  The Temple represented the presence of God to the Israelites and being disconnected from it meant being disconnected from God.  I can’t imagine the confusion and sense of loss that Ezekiel and the exiles were feeling when this vision came to him.

Ezekliel's Vision Photo Credit: www.flickr.com

Ezekliel’s Vision
Photo Credit: www.flickr.com

The vision itself is overflowing with imagery in an apocalyptic genre of Biblical literature.  Ezekiel sees beings with different faces that have wings able to take them anywhere.  These beings were next to “a wheel within a wheel” that is covered in eyes.  Finally, all of this is under a throne “and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance.  And upward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were gleaming metal, like the appearance of fire enclosed all around. And downward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him. Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around.

Ezekiel's Vision Photo Credit: www.julian.spazaspace.com

Ezekiel’s Vision
Photo Credit: www.julian.spazaspace.com

While these images, like many others we encounter in prophetic literature, seem rather strange to us, they would not have necessarily been completely off the wall to Ezekiel or his contemporaries.  These things were representative of the One who is giving the vision, namely God almighty.  We will talk more about the meanings of the different things when we talk more about the vision of Ezekiel tomorrow, but suffice to say now that in seeing this Ezekiel got the message that God was not limited by time or space and was with Him and the rest of His people in exile just as much as He was with them in Jerusalem and the promised land.

Interestingly, and somewhat of a revelation to me today, is the fact that it isn’t just this imagery that carries with it representation from God.  Ezekiel’s life is in many ways a representation of the very message that God is communicating to the people of Israel.  Even the call of Ezekiel is representative of God’s call to His people knowing that they have been rebellious and haven’t listened to Him.  He even says it to Ezekiel, telling him that when he hears the message he should not be rebellious like the people of Israel had been.  Not only was Ezekiel to listen though, he was also to take it in, to “eat the scroll” and take it inside of himself.  Eating means making it a part of you that it may nourish and fill you, which is exactly what the Word of the Lord is supposed to do.  This very line has echos all the way back to the giving of the Law and the Shema.

As far as the revelation I had today about this and about Ezekiel, I realized when I noticed that God was calling him “Son of man” and that Ezekiel’s life and actions were representative of Israel, that in many ways Ezekiel himself is a foreshadowing of the coming of Christ.  Jesus refers to Himself as “The Son of man” and is representative of what Israel was supposed to be as the people of God.  Some of the actions of Ezekiel as similar to that of Jesus and, what I found to be most interesting, Ezekiel does things to represent the punishment of Israel and Judah whereas Jesus actually takes that punishment on Himself at the cross!  What a genius foreshadowing that we see here and will continue to see throughout this book.

Finally, though what has been said here is quite a bit, I want to just address the section of Ezekiel 3 where God says to Ezekiel, “Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel.”  I think this is a very interesting image that God gives Ezekiel about his duty to the people he has been called to speak to.  God says that whatever He tells Ezekiel to say, it is Ezekiel’s responsibility to say it to them.  If there is a warning, Ezekiel is responsible for warning them.  Furthermore, if Ezekiel doesn’t speak what the Lord says, not only will the “wicked person” die, but his blood will be on Ezekiel’s hands.  Ultimately the responsibility for turning from evil lies with “the wicked person,” but the responsibility for warning him/her is on the one whom God has appointed, namely Ezekiel.

As a seminary student feeling called to potentially lead a congregation and be a leader of the Church, I think that this warning and appointment as a “Watchman” is very important for us to hear.  Pastors and church leaders are called to be these Watchman for their congregations and for the Church as well.  I think that too often we don’t say what we know God is telling us to say, to our own members or the greater Church either.  Perhaps we get bogged down in procedure, or maybe we think that it is none of our business.  It could be that Pastors don’t want to “get up in people’s faces” or are more concerned about keeping their job and speaking the Word of God.  I wonder if in this day an age is might simply be people getting caught up in moral relativism?  However, God is saying here that, like Ezekiel, we are called to speak God’s Word, even if is the unpopular message, because it is the Word of God.  If we don’t, their “blood” may be on our hands as well…  I know I’m just as guilty as the next guy…  but this is a wake-up call for me and for the leadership of the Church and even the leadership of Christian families:  We need to be alert.  We need to be listening for the Word of God.  We need to be willing to speak God’s Word.  We are called to be Watchmen.



Day 239: Ezekiel 1-4; Intro to Ezekiel

Today we begin the book of Ezekiel and we are going to talk a little bit about our setting for the book before we dive directly into the Scripture.  In fact, we will talk about today’s reading tomorrow, for the most part, and just get a good introduction to the book today.  Also, as a point of personal clarification, this is the first time I have written a blog in about 3 weeks as I just got married and have been on vacation since the 9th.  All of the blogs for the past 3 weeks were pre-written.  Thank you for your reading, likes, and comments!  I’m excited to be back and writing again!

The Chebar River Photo Credit: www.bibleatlas.org

The Chebar River
Photo Credit: www.bibleatlas.org

Ezekiel’s writing begins during the same time that Jeremiah was ministering and prophesying to the people of Israel.  Jeremiah was back in Jerusalem prophesying that the city would soon fall.  Ezekiel, however, was actually in Babylon as he says at the beginning of the book, “among the exiles on the Chebar Canal.”  This is a river that is a tributary to the Euphrates River, and is located in the Babylonian Empire north of the City of Babylon.  Remember that there were two waves of exiles from Jerusalem and Judah.  The first happened during the reign of Jehoiachin when the city of Jerusalem was actually spared.  For more on this you can check out 2 Chronicles 36 & 2 Kings 24.  Ezekiel’s writing comes from the land of Babylon, which means that he was likely taken in the first wave of exiles and was working as a priest in Babylon.

Our tendency, because Ezekiel is set in Babylon is to think that his writings happen after the time that Jerusalem falls.  However, Ezekiel is prophesying concurrently with Jeremiah and the messages that he is bringing compliment Jeremiah’s as well.  In fact, seeing these two prophets side by side gives a powerful message of God’s omnipresence and ability to be with His people no matter where they are, even in exile.  In fact, the vision that we read about today, and will talk more about tomorrow, is in many ways communicates that very message.  God is with His people, even in their  exile.  We see the repeated phrase time and again “Wherever the spirit wanted to go, they went.”  Like I said, we’ll talk more about this tomorrow… it is some of my favorite imagery and writing in the Bible!

The Book of Ezekiel Photo Credit: www.tigersallconsumingbooks.blogspot.com

The Book of Ezekiel
Photo Credit: www.tigersallconsumingbooks.blogspot.com

Like I said, Ezekiel’s writing falls along the same lines as that of Jeremiah.  The outline of the book of Ezekiel is much the same as Jeremiah and Isaiah as well.  The first section of Ezekiel contains a great deal of “doom and gloom” messages, prophesies of judgement against Jerusalem.  This is followed by messages of judgment against the nations of the world as well.  Finally, like Jeremiah and Isaiah, Ezekiel speaks messages of hope to the people of Israel, speaking to their future restoration.

Ezekiel contains within it some of the same themes that we have seen in the other prophetic books as well:  God’s holiness, Sin and its consequences, Restoration, the burden of leadership, and the worship of God.  We will encounter these themes time and again throughout this book.  It is indeed some of my favorite writing and reading in the Bible.  Some of the imagery is exquisite and confusing all at the same time!  I hope that you enjoy this journey through Ezekiel!

Blessed Reading!



Day 238: Lamentations 3-5; Hope for Restoration

As we come to the final writings of Jeremiah, I think it is important for us to see where Jeremiah places his hope.  As we talked about yesterday, it is important for us to place our hope in God when we are faced with times of struggle and trial, when our live seems to be left in ruins.  Whatever it is that we have endured, we must continue to bring it before the Lord and allow our grief and struggle to be laid at His feet.  Jeremiah follows this path of Lament, crying out over the devastation that he has witnessed.

However, he doesn’t just stop his prayer or questioning of God at complaining and crying our over all that has happened.  Like Job, David, and many others before him, Jeremiah continues on in his prayer to speak of the righteousness, the goodness, and the faithfulness of God.  He acknowledges that the people of God needed this and that the Lord was right and just in His actions.  It is for the people of God that these things have been done, even though they hurt now they will lead to great things.  Jeremiah points out that the people need to examine their hearts and their ways as they go through this time, to see what God is doing within them.

It doesn’t stop there either though.  Jeremiah says that the people need to lift up praise and thanksgiving to the Lord in this time.  Even in the midst of all these struggles, the Lord has been good to them and continues to be faithful to them as well.  We often have the tendency too see only the negative things in our lives, the struggles and trials that take place day in and day out.  When we do this, we fail to look at the rest of life.  If we are only focused on the 5% of things that are difficult and terrible, we are neglecting the other 95% of our lives where God continues to be faithful and bless us.

Jeremiah doesn’t stop there either though.  Again, like Job, David, and so many others, Jeremiah prays for restoration.  It isn’t bad for us to ask God to put things back together for us.  I think that this is a very important part of this prayer and a great way to end this section of the writings of Jeremiah.  Reread chapter 5 and see the words that Jeremiah uses.  He asks God to remember all these things, to see the plight that has come upon His people, and to bring about restoration to them.  I think it is interesting that Jeremiah also asks God to return the people to “the days of old.”  Something tells me God chuckled a little bit when He heard Jeremiah say that.  It wasn’t to how things used to be that God was going to bring His people to, it was to a new day, a glorious day, when all things would be made right and restored!  This is the day that God is working toward in us as well.  When we face times of testing and we wish that things were just put back to the way they were, remember that God is working in us and doing a new thing within us, shaping and sculpting us as a potter shapes a new clay pot.  It takes a lot of work, but eventually we will be made into the image of God in Christ Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit working within us each and every day.



Day 237: Lamentations 1-2; Jeremiah's Lament

The book of Lamentations is the record of Jeremiah‘s visceral and guttural reaction to the witnessing of the City of Jerusalem and the Temple of God being burned.  Written as a series of poems, each chapter chronicles Jeremiah’s grief, questions, and ultimately the request for God to bring about restoration.  In many ways, this book reminds me of a great Psalm of Lament, the cry of one who feels forsaken by God in the midst of tragedy and sorrow.  Jeremiah’s writings follow the pattern of lament, something he would have been familiar with as a part of Hebrew worship practices.

Today’s reading is very dark in nature.  Jeremiah is looking over what is likely the burning or smoldering city that he once lived in and loved and is weeping for her.  He looks and sees the Temple of God, the very center of the universe for him, lying in ruins, broken and burned beyond recognition or repair.  For Jeremiah, this is complete and utter devastation on a scale that was previously unimaginable.

We have all experienced times in our life where we feel like Jeremiah, looking over the broken pieces of what used to be our live and weeping over them.  Sometimes I think, especially for men, we don’t feel as though we can cry, weep, or mourn for a loss because it shows weakness and even a lack of faith.  Jeremiah’s reaction here would seem to communicate otherwise.  There is no lack of faith in Jeremiah’s voice, no doubt at  God’s existence or His work through all of this.  What is important here, I think, is Jeremiah’s attentiveness to God and God’s work in this crisis.

Life is rough and times can be tough.  There is no doubt that we will face time when we feel like the world that we are living in has been smashed to ruins.  As we learned from David, it is ok to be upset and even to go to God with the problems.  In fact, in times like that the most important thing for us to do is indeed go to God with our questions and our trust.  For the people of Israel, this was a time for them to be broken down and purged of their sins, punished for what they had done but also learning from it as well.  Not all disaster in our lives may take on this form, but there is no doubt at all that in any stage of life, God wants us to place our trust and our hope in Him.  Whether we are bringing our praise or our questions, or perhaps both, we need to make sure, as Jeremiah did, that our hope and trust lie solely on God.



Day 236: Jeremiah 51-52; Babylon and Jerusalem Fall, God is Faithful

Today’s reading, the last two chapters of the book of Jeremiah, lay in succession the utter contempt that God has for the nation of Babylon and her fall that will take place.  This if followed by the description of the Fall of Jerusalem, a non-prophetic narrative that describes for us again the events of God’s judgment on the city of David.  These events, particularly the destruction of Jerusalem and the burning of the Temple are the setup for the book of Lamentations, also written by Jeremiah, which is an account of his witnessing the destruction of his city and the burning of the Temple.

What I want to focus in on today is the last part of Jeremiah 52, that talks about the release of Jehoiachin from prison in Babylon.  This is a part that is largely overlooked in the whole story because it is almost a footnote at the end in many ways.  Yet this is one of the greatest testaments of God’s faithfulness to the line of David, a promise He made to King David hundreds of years prior.  There is really no reason why Jehoiachin should have been released from prison.  We are not told that he was out on good behavior or anything of the sort.  The simple fact is that God continues to be faithful to His people and His promises even in these dark and difficult times.  No one knew what was to come next for God’s people, but it is clear in reading this that God is still at work in His own ways to fulfill His own purposes.

A story like this stands as a testament to God’s faithfulness to us as well.  We certainly haven’t done anything in our lives to warrant the unmerited grace that we receive from God each and every day, and we definitely do not deserve the blessings that He pours out into our lives every day.  Even in the darkest of times, those times when we feel lost and alone, we have the hope that God is still with us and still working in us.  It may be difficult to see; it might even be impossible for us to see, but that doesn’t mean that God isn’t active in the situation walking with us, holding us up, sustaining us, and even refining us to make us more and more like the image of Christ each and every day.



Day 235: Jeremiah 50; Messages against the Nations (Part 3)

Like Isaiah, and many of the other prophets, Jeremiah also contains within it prophecy for judgment on Babylon, the Lord’s instrument.  I’m sure it seemed like the empire of Babylon was too great to be moved, unable to be defeated, but there is nothing that is too great for God to do.  The nation of Babylon was raised up by God for the purpose dispensing judgments to the nations.  However, they were by no means a nation that was without sin.  In fact, the nation of Babylon was incredibly sinful, worshiping false gods and even misusing the articles of the Temple of God that they had plundered.  Jeremiah’s message here makes sure that the people of God understand that not even Babylon, the great empire of the world, would be able to escape the judgment of God.  No amount of military or economic influence would be able to stay the judgement that was to come on them.

At the risk of sounding repetitive, I think that this is a very clear message not just to the people of Israel, but to all who read these words.  In my context as a writer, I think of my own country and the decline in moral values and a culture that is… well… corrupt and lacking in solid moral values.  People feel that they can do whatever they want because we are “murica,” the strongest nation in the world.  We have the best stuff and the most of it as well… yet not even a world power like America can stand before the judgment seat of God.

The Church of North America must serve in some ways, like the prophets of Israel did as well.  We have a message given to us by God, one of repentance and salvation.  There is much to be said about what is going on in the country today, things that are contrary to the design and desire of God.  Sin runs rampant and is increasing more and more each day.  We cannot sit idly by and stay silent in the midst of this lest we too be included in God’s judgment.  As Christians, we must stand up in the face of sin, and speak truth into the brokenness of society, not for our own personal gain, but because God has given us a message or restoration through Jesus Christ.  We must place our hope in Him, for He is the only Way to Salvation.



Day 234: Jeremiah 49; Messages against the Nations (Part 2)

Today we read the messages against Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar and Hazor, and Elam.  This chapter has a similar ring to the last couple chapters and the next few as well.  My first thought about today’s reading was that we should just read it for what it is, the judgment against many nations for the sins they had committed.  I didn’t think that there was much else to say about it.  But as we read this, and yesterday’s reading as well, there are very specific traits that each of these cities and nations are being punished for, and each city and nation has a particular history with God and the nation of Israel.

The Ammonites worshiped other gods and sacrificed children to them.  Edom, the decendants of Esau, boasted in its wisdom and the strength of its city in Petra. They rejoiced at the fall of Jerusalem, only to see its own boarders fall only years later.  Aram, Kedar, Hazor, and Elam all were pagan cultures, likely worshiping a pantheon of gods and relying on their own strength and wealth rather than placing their trust in God alone.

I see bits and pieces of our culture in the United States here as I read this chapter.  We think we are wise and cunning at times, full of street smarts and crafty.  We often look to other things, leaders, or even money as that which can bring about our salvation, our strength, and our prosperity.  Yet none of this really amounts to a hill of beans before the Lord.  There is nothing in this world that is more powerful than God.  We may have the strongest military, the best technology, the greatest wealth, and even the smartest people, and yet all of that crumbles before the Lord, the God of the Universe.  We must keep in mind that it is God that has placed us where we are today, it is God who has empowered our nation, and it is in God whom we need to be placing our trust.  Before the Lord nations rise and fall, they are but a speck, a blip on the timeline of history.  Only by placing our hope and trust in the Lord can we find forgiveness and salvation.



Day 233: Jeremiah 46-48; Messages against the Nations (Part 1)

Like the Prophet Isaiah, Jeremiah too has a section of his book that is a collection writings about the judgments against the nations.  It is likely that these judgments, which we will read over the next couple of days, were actually delivered to Jeremiah throughout his life and are chronologically out of order here.  However, the messages are none-the-less true and did indeed come to pass on the nations mentioned here.

There is a lot of doom and gloom that comes with these particular messages.  Today we read about Egypt, Philistia, and Moab as being some of the first to fall in judgments of God.  In fact, it was Egypt’s defeat by King Nebuchadnezzar at the battle of Carchemish in 605 B.C. that ushered Babylon on to the main stage of world power.  Assyria had declined and Egypt had fallen, leaving Babylon to dominate the area and serve as the instrument of the Lord’s judgement throughout the land.  One of the commentaries that I read suggested that Babylon’s victory over Egypt was actually a bit of a surprise and might not have happened if Egypt hadn’t allied itself with Judah, or perhaps the other way around.  I’m not necessarily sure how I feel about this, but it is clear that Judah once again disobeyed God by turning to Egypt, their former master, for help, a move than ultimately wound up with both being crushed.

Yet even in these messages we see the nature of God come forward and His faithfulness to the covenant and His people displayed:

But fear not, O Jacob my servant,
    nor be dismayed, O Israel,
for behold, I will save you from far away,
    and your offspring from the land of their captivity.
Jacob shall return and have quiet and ease,
    and none shall make him afraid.
Fear not, O Jacob my servant,
declares the Lord,
    for I am with you.
I will make a full end of all the nations
    to which I have driven you,
    but of you I will not make a full end.
I will discipline you in just measure,
    and I will by no means leave you unpunished.

Here, and really in all the readings of the prophets, as the Life Application Study Bible notes point out, we gain several insights about God and his plan for this world:

  1.  Although God chose Israel for a special purpose, he loves all people and wants all to come to Him.
  2. God is holy and will not tolerate sin.
  3. God’s judgments are not based on prejudice and a desire for revenge, but on fairness and justice.
  4. God does not delight in judgment, but in salvation.
  5. God is impartial – He judges everyone by the same standard.

Like we spoke about at the beginning of the book of Jeremiah, we should not simply box God into this idea of a fluffy, loving God who just gives us nice things, we need to understand the true nature of God.  He is indeed Holy and therefore cannot and will not tolerate sin, thus the wrath of God is against sin.  God is also a God of justice, true and fair justice, and therefore will judge the sin of the nations as well.  We also remember though, that God is also the God of forgiveness and grace as Psalm 103 reminds us:

The Lord works righteousness
    and justice for all who are oppressed.
He made known his ways to Moses,
    his acts to the people of Israel.
The Lord is merciful and gracious,
    slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love.
He will not always chide,
    nor will he keep his anger forever.
He does not deal with us according to our sins,
    nor repay us according to our iniquities.
For as high as the heavens are above the earth,
    so great is his steadfast love toward those who fear him;
as far as the east is from the west,
    so far does he remove our transgressions from us.
As a father shows compassion to his children,
    so the Lord shows compassion to those who fear him.
For he knows our frame;
he remembers that we are dust.