Introduction to Matthew

The book of Matthew is the first of the four Gospels in the New Testament, telling the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection.  Matthew is known as one of the three “Synoptic Gospels,” along with Mark and Luke, because of its agreement with Mark and Luke in timeline and content.  As we read through each of these books though you will notice that each one of them has a bit of a different point of view, in the same way that different people experiencing the same event would describe it with slight differences.  For the Gospels, these differences arise from the different purposes for writing as well as the audience that is being written to as you can see below.


As you can see from these two images while each of the authors wrote about Jesus, each Gospel has a bit of a different theme and direction to it.  Yet each of theme communicates the Good News of Jesus Christ.

The Gospel of Matthew’s theme is derived from the specific audience he is writing to.  Because Matthew is working to show the Jewish people that Jesus is the promised Messiah, the promised King from the line of David.  Matthew begins with a genealogy that proves Jesus’ lineage, being from the house of David, and uses phrases that would have been familiar to the Jews like “the Kingdom of Heaven” or “Son of David.”  He also uses the phrases like “to fulfill all righteousness” or other references to fulfilling Old Testament Scripture.

This does not, however, mean that Matthew restricted his writing to only Jews.  Many times it is recorded in his Gospel the outward trajectory of the Jesus from Jews to Gentiles, culminating in the Great Commission, Jesus’ parting words after His resurrection.

5 Responses to “Introduction to Matthew”

  1. This is so interesting and helpful, the charts lay it out so clearly!

  2. […] the action, completely passing over any sort of birth narrative.  For us, who have just read the book of Matthew, it may feel like Mark is missing something.  However, Mark’s brevity may be related to two […]

  3. […] for the time of Luke’s writing and the Gospel’s relationship to Matthew and Mark, there are many theories about how these three Gospels, known as the Synoptic Gospels, came […]

  4. […] the Messiah, then Luke is simply chronicling the life of a religious leader.  The whole purpose of his writing revolves around […]

  5. […] and most unique of the four Canonical Gospels.  John the Apostle wrote this Gospel later than Matthew, Mark, and Luke and writes to a much wider audience as […]

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